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Solidarity with the Struggle of the Amazonian Peoples of Peru!


> From: a-infos-en@ainfos. ca
> To: en <a-infos-en@ainfos. ca>
> Date: Mon, 08 Jun 2009 13:59:56 +0300
> Subject: (en) International Libertarian Declaration of Solidarity with the
> Struggle of the Amazonian Peoples of Peru!
>
> We ask our libertarian comrades to organise mobilisations and
> demonstrations outside
> Peruvian embassies in every country, in coordination with other sectors in
> struggle, in
> order to denounce the actions of the State and the multinationals in this
> country.
>
> http://www.anarkism o.net/cache/ imagecache/ local/attachment s/jun2009/ 460_0___30_ 0_0_0_0_0_ nativos7_ 1.jpg
> The following statement is an international libertarian solidarity
> initiative with the
> indigenous and Amazonian peoples of Peru, in their struggle for the
> defence of their lands
> and their ancestral culture. These lands and this culture are being
> violated and
> threatened by the Peruvian government in alliance with Imperialism, the
> multinationals and
> the Right (mainly the APRA – Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana,
> Unidad Nacional and
> Fujimorism), through unconstitutional Executive Orders, in the context of
> Peru’s signing
> of the NAFTA agreement with the USA.
>
>     The Unión Socialista Libertaria calls on anarchist, libertarian and
> other similar
> organisations throughout the world to sign this document, adopt it as
> their own and
> publicize its contents online, on mailing lists, in magazines, newspapers,
> bulletins,
> statements, murals, forums, public cultural and political events, and so
> on, with the aim
> of establishing a clear libertarian, militant position on what is taking
> place in Peru.
>
>     We thus ask our libertarian comrades to organise mobilisations and
> demonstrations
> outside Peruvian embassies in every country, in coordination with other
> sectors in
> struggle, in order to denounce the actions of the State and the
> multinationals in this
> country.
>
>     We have faith in the solidarity that typifies us as libertarian
> revolutionaries, that
> we can make common cause with our indigenous brothers and let them know
> they are not
> alone, that their struggles are our struggles, until such times as we can
> make a true
> society of full freedom, autonomy and human progress, without exploited or
> exploiters.
>
>
> Solidarity with the Struggle of the Amazonian Peoples of Peru!
>
> The Amazonian and indigenous communities of the Peruvian jungle
> (especially in Loreto, San
> Martín, Amazonas, Ucayali, Huánuco, Cuzco and Madre de Dios) are once
> again sounding their
> war drums of struggle and resistance against the onslaught of the
> neoliberal economic
> model supported by the Peruvian government (with the Aprista party at its
> head). They have
> launched a call to popular rebellion through an Indefinite Popular General
> Strike which
> has been going on with mass participation since 9th April this year. They
> have thus been
> on the war foot now for over 50 days, a clear example of their valour,
> their organisation
> and their heroism.
>
> This intense process of indigenous and Amazonian struggle has come about be
> cause the
> Peruvian State, in contravention of its own international treaties, is
> systematically
> violating the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples’ Convention (Convention
> No.169) of the
> International Labour Organisation (ILO), which provides for obligatory
> consultation in
> advance with indigenous peoples on any planned intervention on their
> lands, through the
> appropriate community bodies.
>
> In other words, the Aprista government has begun (or rather, has
> recommenced) a new
> campaign of stealing and selling off to the best multinational offer,
> lands which
> tradition and history have placed in the hands of all the communities
> (Wajún-Wampis,
> Kichuas, Arabelas, Huaronis, Pananujuris, Achuar, Murunahus, or
> Chitonahuas, Cacataibos,
> Matsés, Candoshis, Shawis, Cocama-Cocamilla, Machiguengas, Yines,
> Asháninkas, Yaneshas and
> others, including the “uncontacted” peoples), who today are demanding
> their right to exist
> and to resist.
>
> The role of the Peruvian State
>
> Law No.20653, the General Law on Native Communities, which was passed by
> General Juan
> Velasco Alvarado’s military regime in June 1974, recognised the "legal
> existence and
> juridical identity of the indigenous Amazonian people and their
> territories, declaring
> them to be inalienable, indefeasible and inviolable". This was confirmed
> in the 1979
> Constitution. However, it was removed at the strike of a pen by the
> Fujimori Constitution
> of 1993, to open the way for dispossession and plundering by successive
> governments,
> opening the door to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and
> becoming law
> following the Executive Orders of the second Aprista government.
>
> We must not forget the fact that with Fujimori’s 1993 Constitution the
> door was left open
> for the plundering of resources, as mentioned above. So it is clear that
> work has already
> begun to suffocate and isolate the communities, for the greed of the
> multinationals in
> gaining concessions for oil, gas, mining, tourism and logging in areas
> traditionally
> belonging to the peoples living there.
>
> In other words, it paved the way for the State to declare the lands of the
> native peoples
> "negotiable, in accordance with the market economy" by means of executive
> orders, thus
> bypassing the legislature (Parliament) .
>
> Once again, the Peruvian State has shown itself to be an instrument of
> domination and
> exploitation in the hands of the exploiting classes of this country, who
> are seeking to
> continue to expropriate not only the political rights but also the
> resources of our
> indigenous (native) peoples, who are now rising up in revolt against the
> oppressor power.
>
> As libertarian communists, we declare that the native communities’ right
> to free
> self-determination is the exercising of popular power, as it is based on
> communitarian
> principles, the utilization and collective use of natural resources, and
> on those forms of
> work and collective benefit that they have traditionally preserved in the
> Amazon, home to
> 31 of the 114 world ecosystems, 95% of the country’s forests and an
> important potential
> water and water-powered energy resource.
>
> The struggle of the indigenous people of the Abya Yala
>
> In the context of the Indigenous Popular General Strike, there was an
> important meeting of
> native Andean communities in one of Peru’s southern regions, Puno. This
> encounter was
> called the 4th Continental Summit of the Indigenous Peoples and Nations of
> the Abya Yala
> and came to a conclusion Sunday last, 31st May), with a unanimous
> agreement to respect the
> mother earth and its natural resources for the benefit of human beings, a
> strong rejection
> of the privatisation of water, the presence of multinational corporations
> and the
> neoliberal economic model.
>
> All of this was included in the “Declaration of Mama Quta Titikaka” (Lake
> Titicaca, on the
> Peruvian-Bolivian border), in which there was agreement to mobilise the
> various social and
> indigenous organisations in June, in defence of the Amazonian peoples, as
> was a call for
> marches and protests outside Peruvian embassies in every country.
>
> It is important in itself to emphasise the nature of this indigenous
> summit, which is
> essentially self-managed, the sort of organisation promoted by libertarian
> militants. In
> its Concluding Recommendations, it called for “the construction of
> Plurinational Peoples’
> Communities, based on self-government and the free determination of every
> people”.
>
> Likewise, it denounced the efforts of the official press which is
> dedicated to
> misinforming, misrepresenting or hiding the just means that are being
> attacked in the
> Peruvian jungle, in collusion with the current neo-liberal government and
> its leaders -
> Alan García; the vice-president and retired admiral responsible for the
> prison massacres
> during the first Aprista government of the 1980s, Luis Giampietri; the
> prime minister,
> Yehude Simon, previously a left-wing leader who had even been imprisoned
> for his beliefs
> and who is now the faithful guardian of the Aprista reaction.
>
> It is clear to see that for the bourgeoisie that controls the State under
> imperialist
> orders, the path lies through the dispossession of the communities. It is
> at the same time
> a plan to destroy their type of social organisation and the relationship
> that links them
> to their land, a relationship that in essence clashes with the Western
> understanding of
> property and is therefore a brake on the voracity of multinational Capital
> which is trying
> to take root in these zones, usurping them in alliance with the State and
> turning them
> into fiefdoms in order to guarantee the exploiters’ prosperity and
> domination.
>
> President Alan García is lying “subtly” when he says that of the 63
> million hectares of
> Peruvian jungle, only 12 million belongs to the Amazonian communities,
> when instead it is
> around 25 million, as confirmed by the leader and highest representative
> of the
> communities in struggle, Alberto Pizango, who has been accused of “
> endangering the common
> security and damaging public services” together with other indigenous
> leaders, Marcial
> Mudarra, brothers Saúl and Servando Puerta, Daniel Marzano and Teresita
> Antazu.
> Furthermore, Pizango has already been charged with “rebellion, sedition
> and other
> offences” by the Provincial Criminal Court in Lima and is facing a third
> charge from the
> Provincial Criminal Court in Utcubamba, Amazonas, for “disturbing the peace
> ”.
>
> It is clear that this series of charges and in general the judicial and
> political
> repressio0n is part of the State’s efforts to criminalise all popular
> protest and repress
> just social demands, negatively influencing public opinion by presenting
> our indigenous
> brothers and sisters of Peru as “mere vandals or savages, ignorant of the
> progress that
> globalisation brings”.
>
> Therefore, as libertarians we believe that the struggle of the indigenous
> people,
> Amazonian and Andean, for the defence of their land, their way of
> organising themselves
> and their culture, is part of a minimum programme that involves the
> conquest of the
> demands of the peoples oppressed by the State, Capitalism and Imperialism.
>
> This minimum platform should be based on the need for or the use of direct
> action in order
> to expel the multinationals from their lands. This is necessary in order
> to protect the
> integrity and sustainability of the region’s habitat and ecosystem –
> which, it should be
> remembered, is one of the "lungs" of the planet – and in order that there
> can be
> sustainable development and planned usage of the flora and fauna, on the
> basis of criteria
> established by the communities. Furthermore, there needs to be active
> self-defence of
> their lands, which must be restored to their original condition.
>
> We thus believe that true, active solidarity with the indigenous and
> Amazonian peoples’
> struggle will take the form of popular protest (agitation, propaganda,
> union-led strikes
> and popular strikes, direct action, etc.), to be incorporated into a
> general platform of
> struggle based on that of the native peoples.
>
> Support the just protest of the Indigenous and Amazonian peoples
>
> As libertarian communists who expect nothing from the State (other than
> its destruction) ,
> we sympathise with the struggle of the native peoples as an immediate part
> of a larger
> project for the liberation of all exploited people, and thus part of a
> wider strategy or
> maximum programme of social revolution.
>
> For this reason, we should support demands which in the short term serve
> to improve living
> conditions and to enhance their social, political and economic
> organisation with the aim
> of facing up to the exploiter State and destroying it from within,
> building those kernels
> of popular power which will bring down the giant with the feet of clay
> that is Capitalism,
> mortally wounded at a global level by a global crisis from which it cannot
> recover if, as
> we want, it is the bourgeoisie that has to pay and not the workers.
>
> We thus support the struggle of the Amazonian people and their various
> communities to seek
> immediate solutions, and we join the call to demand:
>
>     * Repeal of all laws that damage or violate the interests of Native
> and Rural
> Communities: repeal of Law No.29317, the Forestry & Wildlife law, which is
> the product of
> a forced and partial modification of Executive Order No.1090 (the "Jungle
> Law") and the
> related orders 1089, 1064 and 1020. In other words, the 99 Orders that
> were imposed on the
> people without any consultation.
>
>     * Respect for the autonomy and self-determination of the native
> communities and their
> active political participation in the making of decisions. The final
> decision of whether
> or not to approve legal regulations or contracts for concessions must be
> made by means of
> direct-democratic mechanisms (popular assemblies, referendums, etc.).
>
>     * Benefits and facilities so that native communities or peoples can
> develop their
> productive, commercial and industrial activities, with the prospect of
> direct control over
> these processes by the people themselves, based on the principles of
> self-management and
> socialisation.
>
>     * Benefits and facilities for the commencement and promotion of
> education and culture
> within the communities (by them and for them). More schools and qualified
> teachers to
> promote the education of native students. In other words, the development
> of a rational,
> high-quality educational system without those competitive, voracious
> tendencies that the
> world capitalist market demands.
>
>     * Greater benefit from oil and gas exploration and extraction to
> devolve to the
> native peoples, together with the building of hospitals, roads and all the
> necessary
> infrastructure, provided it is approved by the people themselves, managed
> by the
> communities themselves through mechanism giving them full control over
> their administration.
>
>     * An immediate cessation of the campaign of criminalising protest that
> the Aprista
> government and the Peruvian Right has embarked on, together with an end to
> the harassment
> of social activists and the other psychological means diverting attention
> from the
> country’s social problems.
>
>
> Internationalist solidarity with the struggle of the Amazonian peoples in
> Peru!
> Immediate repeal of the Executive Orders that violate the sovereignty of
> the indigenous
> peoples!
>
> For the freedom and defence of the thought, culture and self-determination
> of all the
> world’s peoples!
>
> Against the authoritarianism of the State, organise and struggle from
> below!
>
> Down with NAFTA and other capitalist trade agreements!
>
> Imperialist multinationals and American military bases out of Latin
> America!
>
> Stop the criminalisation of protest; immediate release for those arrested
> in the struggle!
>
> Long live the heroic struggles of the indigenous peoples of the Abya Yala!
>
> We are all Amazonians!
>
> Long live those who struggle!
>
>
> Lima, 5 June 2009
>
> Signatories:
>
> 1. Unión Socialista Libertaria (Lima, Peru)
> 2. Red Libertaria Popular Mateo Kramer (Colombia)
> 3. Periódico Barrikada (Uruguay)
> 4. Convergencia Anarquista Específica (Chile)
> 5. Corriente Acción Libertaria (Chile)
> 6. Huancayo Rebelde (Huancayo, Peru)
> 7. Centro de Estudios Sociales Manuel González Prada (Huancayo, Peru)
> 8. Columna Libertaria Joaquín Penina (Argentina)
> 9. Organisation Communiste Libertaire (France)
> 10. Asociación Obrera de Canarias (Spain)
> 11. Frente de Estudiantes Libertarios (Chile)
>12. L@s Partisan@s (U.S.A.)

> Translation by FdCA International Relations Office
>
> Related Link: http://www.uslperu. blogspot. com/
>

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