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War Crimes in The Following Areas: (Srebrenica, Zvornik, Bratunac, Milici, Gorazde, Visegrad, Foca, Skelani, Vlasenica, Bijeljina, Milici)


Read Our Conclusion on War Crimes in The Following Areas: (Srebrenica, Zvornik, Bratunac, Milici, Gorazde, Visegrad, Foca, Skelani, Vlasenica, Bijeljina, Milici)

         

(Srebrenica, Zvornik, Bratunac, Milici, Gorazde, Visegrad, Foca, Skelani, Vlasenica, Bijeljina, Milici)

 

Coordinators of project: Mr. Milosh Zorica & Mr. Darko Trifunovic  
Editor & translator: Ms. Jill Starr
Art director: Mr. Milosh Zorica
Publisher: LPC Yugoslavia

© 2001 LPC Yugoslavia

 

Kamenica near Zvornik – “Glodjansko brdo”. Exhumation of the bodies of 120 Serbs taken prisoner and killed by the Moslems in December 1992. The families were able to come to recognized and collect the mutilated bodies of their family members.

Vlasenica, 30th September 1992.Funeral with religious rites, state and military honours for the massacred Serbs.

-B R A T U N A C  -

October 1991. Political platform of the Moslem Nationality Council – Instruction

-What will happen to Serbs in the Islamic Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina-

The day is nearing when the announced Islamic Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina will be proclaimed. The date, which every Moslem in Bosniao-Herzegovina and Sandzak is ardently waiting for has been known for a long time to be the 31st Decembar. There are some indications that the Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina might oppose this historic event. In this connection, certain measures have been taken which will be applied if the Serb population of Bosnia and Herzegovina does not agree to this idea.

Every individual Serb must be aware of the responsibility of the entire nation for his uncontrolled actions; the penalty for crimes committed will be collective – for one demolished Moslem house, ten Serb houses will be demolished – for one dead Moslem, one hundred Serbs will be liquidated – for one wounded Moslem (depend on the severity of the wound) 10-50 Serbs will be executed.

All Serbs will have a 12-houre working day. This wages will be proportionate to the loyalty of all the employees and as a rule they will be paid 30% less than the wages of Moslems who occupy the same post.

Serbs will have priority in the dismissal of redundant workers.

Serbs cannot enter public institutions without special passes.

Serbs will receive rations for food, which they will obtain in special shops.

Serbs do not have national parties and if they do not abide by the rules of political life, they will not be entitled to political organization or to vote.

In the Islamic Republic, the right of Serbs to produce alcohol will not be withdrawn, but Moslems are entitled to apply the Sheriat to all inhabitants of the state.

Serbs are equal to Moslems if, of their own will, they are received into the Islamic faith of their forefathers. No one has the right to refer to their previous life because they are not quilty for being Serbs. No generation is accountable for the actions of the previous one, or some other that preceded it.

A good Serb is a living and obedient Serb or a dead, disobedient Serb.


Testimonies:

 

Designation of crime: Genocide (Article 4. of ICTY Statute)

PLACE AND TIME: Rupovo brdo (hill) near Milici, May 27, 1995.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Members of the Muslim army of the so-called Bosnia-Herzegovina from the protected zone of Srebrenica have entered the area of the Republic of Srpska where on May 27th they have made an ambush on the macadam road Rupovo brdo-Kupusna.

When around 17:45 hours a truck vehicle type "Mercedes" arrived in which there were five Serbs-civilians, who were transporting wood for heating, they were killed on the spot, all the five of them:

1. Golic Ljubisa, of father Vojin, born in 1946

2. Petrovic Milisav, of father Stanko, born in 1948

3. Nikolic Branko, of father Drago, born in 1950

4. Savic Miladin, of father Radiboje, born in 1957, and

5. Misic Milos, of father Milos, born in 1961.

They were shot at point blanc from a short range by fire arms, and the physicians of the Medical Center in Milici found shot wounds from fire arms. On the body of Milic Milos there was also a wound on the head inflicted by a blow with a blunt mechanical object, and on the body of Savic Miladin there was a cut with a blade in the back, which is pointing out at the fact that these two deceased were killed after previously being injured.

INDICATIONS CONCERNING PERPETRATORS:

1. Oric Naser, Commander of the 28th Division of the Army of the so-called Bosnia-Herzegovina in Srebrenica

2. Becirovic Ramiz, chief of the headquarters

3. Bektic Hedzad, chief of the security unit

4. Mandzic Smajo, Commander of the 1st Podravska Maneuvering Brigade.

 

Designation of crime: Genocide (Article 4. of ICTY Statute)

PLACE AND TIME: Mali Zvornik in the territory of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, May 10, 1995.

BRIEF DESCRIPTIOn: Members of the Army of the so-called Bosnia-Herzegovina, on May 10, 1995 at some 13:10 hours fired a grenade from the territory of the so-called Bosnia-Herzegovina, which had fallen on Zvornik – towards the center for training of drivers.

On this occasion the following person had died:

Radic Dragisa, of father Sreten, born in 1953. Injuries were caused to Vidic Dimitrije, of father Mitar, born in 1922. The grenade was probably fired from a tank, from the region of the village of Nezuh (Ravna Gora). At the same time the electrical supply network was damaged in the length of 50 meters.

INDICATIONS ABOUT PERPETRATORS:

Members of the Army of the so-called Bosnia-Herzegovina.

 

Designation of crime: Genocide (Article 4. of ICTY Statute)

PLACE AND TIME: Village of Setici, Municipality of Zvornik, October 8, 1992

BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Muslim armed forces under the command of Hajrudin Hasanovic from Setici, attacked this Serbian village and found in it only disabled or bed-ridden aged inhabitants, whom they immediately killed. The following persons were killed:

1. Pantic Mihajlo, born in 1902 – killed with three bullets, one fired directly into his head, smashing it completely.

2. Pantic Cvija, born in 1907 – killed from fire arms.

3. Pantic Desa, 65 years old – killed from fire arms.

4. Pantic Sava, 72 years old – killed from fire arms, also had wounds probably inflicted by a bayonet in the neck and right tie.

5. Pantic Ljubica, daughter of Cvija, born in 1946 – killed from fire arms.

6. Prelovac Cvija from Majevica, over 60 years old – on her body there were traces of burns by fire.

7. Lukic Bosa, 65 years old – killed from fire arms.

Bodies of these persons were later found and buried at the cemetery in Karkaj, Municipality of Zvornik.

INDICATIONS CONCERNING PERPETRATORS:

1. Hasanovic Hajrudin, from Setici, commander of the Muslim unit.

2. Sinanovic Ahmet, of father Arif, from Setici.

 

Designation of crime: Genocide (Article 4. of ICTY Statute)

PLACE AND TIME: Vitinice, hamlet of Odzacina, Municipality of Zvornik, June 20, 1992.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Members of the Muslim armed formations have attacked this village for the first time on June 9, 1992. Then they burnt down two houses. During the second attack committed on June 20, 1992 in the early morning, they killed close to their homes, the following persons:

1. Tanackovic Vasa, from the village of Vitinice

2. Kostic Kosta, from the village of Vitinice, and

3. Kostic Cvijetko, from the village of Vitinice.

From the ambush they killed also the passengers who were trying to escape by car from the village:

4. Tanackovic Smilja, born in 1944

5. Tanckovic Jovika, born in 1955, and

6-7. two men from the village of Pilice, one of them being previously wounded.

Muslim soldiers during this attack plundered and burnt down the village.

INDICATIONS CONCERNING PERPETRATORS:

Muminovic Semso, from Kovacevic.

 

Designation of crime: Genocide (Article 4. of ICTY Statute)

PLACE AND DATE: Village of Bukvica, Municipality of Gorazde, May 25, 1992.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION; In this village at some 25 kilometers distance from Gorazde, which belonged to the local community of Ilovaca, there were 9 Serbian houses.

Muslims from the neighboring villages in early May 1992 started making barricades, which caused anxiety among Serbs. Therefore, all the younger inhabitants of the village escaped, and in the village remained only the aged inhabitants.

The testifying witness, believing his Muslim neighbors who were telling him that they have nothing to fear, remained with his wife in the village.

The armed Muslims from the neighboring villages on May 25, 1992, at some 16:00 hours, entered this village and on that occasion killed everyone that they found in the village.

The following person were killed:

1. Vukasinovic Grozda, of father Vujadin, born in 1937

2. Vukasinovic Bozana, of father Djordje, born in 1926

3. Vukasinovic Vukasin, of father Pera, 87 years old

4. Vukasinovic Veljko, of father Dimitrije, some 73 years old

and his wife

5. Vukasinovic Danica, of father Boza, some 64 years old

6. Vukasinovic Milos, of father Nedjo, some 66 years old, and his wife

7. Vukasinovic Jovanka, some 62 years old, and

8. Vukasinovic Milorad, of father Todor, some 74 years old.

The witness succeeded in escaping from the village which was then plundered by the Muslim soldiers and burnt down.

INDICATIONS CONCERNING PERPETRATORS:

1. Son of Agamovic Sulejman from the village of Krabarisa near Gorazde.

2. Odzic Murat, from the village of Tresnjice near Gorazde.

 

Designation of crime: Crimes against humanity (Article 5. of ICTY Statute)

PLACE AND TIME: Visegrad, August 1, 1991.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Through the town of Visegrad two busses were scheduled to pass from Kraljevo, with the pilgrims going to visit the Monastery of Ostrog in Montenegro, so that they could spend there the holiday feast of Saint Ilija on August 2nd.

In Visegrad, Murat Sabanovic with his group stopped the two busses with tourists and held them 7 to 8 hours. During that time passengers were harassed and they thorn down and set on fire the church flag that they were carrying with them.

In these busses were mostly women and children. The whole day the busses were kept at the temperature of some 35-36 degrees Celsius. Not only were they forbidding passengers from getting out of the bus, but did not even allow them to have a drink of water. During all this time they were insulting and harassing them. The luggage from the busses was thrown out and scattered around. Only in the evening at some 19:00 or 20:00 hours did they let them return back to Serbia, preventing them from visiting the Monastery.

INDICATIONS CONCERNING PERPETRATORS:

Sabanovic Murat, of father Saban, born on January 7, 1953 in Orahovci, Municipality of Visegrad, was residing in the village of Dusce near Visegrad.

Designation of crime: Crimes against humanity (Article 5. of ICTY Statute)

PLACE AND TIME: Visegrad, end of November 1991.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION: After having taken part in the war in Croatia, the witness appeared in the uniform of the Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA) in Visegrad where he was first met by a Muslim Kuren Zahid, who took out a pistol and aimed it at the witness’ head. Then grabbing at his uniform, he said: "What do you need this for?" The witness succeeded in freeing himself and entering the nearby coffee shop.

Soon after Murat Sabanovic appeared together with Hurem Zahid and immediately asked: "Where is the Chetnick?". Then the two of them, in front of all the guests in the coffee shop, took out their pistols, came up to the witness and aimed the pistol at his head. Sabanovic dragged him in the center of the coffee shop and ordered him to kneel down. When the witness said: "Shoot, I am not going to kneel", they started beating him: Sabanovic, Hurem and Ziga Damir. They were hitting him on the head with pistols. He fell on the floor and fainted. He was covered with blood. When he regained consciousness, Mubekir Tabakovic came to him, pressed the pistol to his stomach, put the hand in the pocket of his shirt and took all the money that the witness had on him (USD 30 and DEM 50).

Friends then took the witness home, and then to the hospital where he was given first aid. The physicians also sewed his wounds and placed 10 stitches.

The next day witness went to the Secretariat of Interior Affairs of Visegrad to Commander Podzic, who was interested in everything else but the reason for which the witness came to press charges.

INDICATIONS CONCERNING PERPETRATORS:

1. Sabanovic Murat, of father Saban, born on January 7, 1953 in Orahovci, was residing in the village of Dusce near Visegrad.

2. Hurem Zahid

3. Ziga Damir

4. Tabakovic Mubekir, of father Mustafa, born on March 4, 1970 in Visegrad.

 

Visegrad

Acts of Violence and other forms of pressure against the Serbs

The Muslim Party of Democratic Action (PDA) was founded in Visegrad on August 2, 1990. At the founding assembly the Muslims stated that they were better prepared than they had been in 1941 and that they would not allow what had ostensibly happened to them in World War II to happen to them again, as if they had been victimized, whereas in reality many of them had been guilty of crimes committed within the framework of the so?called Independent State of Croatia. Alija Izetbegovic and Sulejman Ugljanin visited Visegrad on that occasion and spoke at the Culture Centre. At that meeting the idea was launched that funds should be raised to erect a monument to Muslim victims fallen in World War II, as allegedly many had fallen on Andric‘s bridge.

Fikret Cocalic was elected PDA president  for Visegrad and Avdija Sabanovic was elected his deputy. In November 1990 multiparty elections were held and the Muslims won a majority in the municipal assembly. Fikret Cocalic was elected president of the Assembly.

At its first session, the Assembly, thanks to the Muslim majority, illegally changed the Statute of the Commune (failing to abide by the prescribed procedure) by abolishing decision?making by a two?thirds majority and introducing decision?making by a simple majority on all issues falling within the purview of the Assembly. This made it possible for the Serbs to be outvoted in respect of all questions and for decisions to be adopted to satisfy the interests of the Muslims. The mentioned Avdija Sabanovic behaved particularly arrogantly in the Assembly. He leveled threats at the Serbs and cursed at them while telling them that they should toe the line and behave as they were told or else go to Serbia and there do whatever they felt like. The Public Security Station headed by the Muslim Seval Murtic provided only meager, vague information playing down the Muslim provocations of and assaults on Serbs, which information was then adopted by the Assembly thanks to the Muslim majority to the detriment of Serbs. When the Assembly discussed the interception of military personnel carriers by the Muslims in September 1991, the Muslim deputies blamed journalists from Serbia for writing about it. Snezana Neskovic, a deputy representing the Serbs, came out against this view. When she said that it had not been journalists that had intercepted the personnel carriers, she was verbally abused and attacked by Avdija Sabanovic who told her to "take care" if anything at all should happen to his brother Murat Sabanovic, "if a hair on his head was harmed"  (the ringleader of many aggressive actions undertaken by Muslims in Visegrad). At the initiative of the Muslims the Assembly embarked on a debate on the construction of a road to Zepa so that this area too could be connected to Sanjak (the Rashka district in Serbia), i.e. with the "green transversal." During the session of the Assembly, Murat Sabanovic stood armed at the door, and later 15?20 of his men, armed with no less than machine guns and automatic rifles "secured" the Assembly building. This directly caused, in December 1991, the Serb deputies to leave the Assembly in which decisions were being adopted contrary to their will anyway. In January 1992 the Serbs founded their  own Assembly so as to organize their life under conditions of  threats on the part of the Muslims.

Towards the end of 1990 the Muslims’ intolerance of the Serbs became ever more manifest, involving numerous assaults, threats, provocations, maltreatment and physical attacks, and it escalated until the war broke out. The Muslims publicly displayed their chauvinistic feelings and accentuated their religious affiliation by wearing green clothes, brandishing Muslim flags and other religious emblems. In Medvedja and in other places they built new mosques, they established Muslim schools in villages and organized religious instruction. An increasing number of Muslims started to wear fatigues and caps with golden lilies on them.

Aggressive Muslim groups increasingly used arms to intimidate Serbs or directly attack them. They went on shooting rampages in the town of Visegrad in a show of force. Being in fear for their lives, the Serbs went out in the streets seldom, especially women and children.

Immediately prior to the outbreak of war Muslims organized rallies for a sovereign Bosnia and Herzegovina.  Motorcades of taxi cabs and other cars with their horns blaring carried Muslim flags and had posters affixed on them "for a sovereign Bosnia and Herzegovina".

The numerous attacks on Serbs shall be described in more  detail.

During the multiparty elections the Muslims also demonstrated their chauvinism. Thus Murat Sabanovic with another three Muslims wrote in green oil paint "PDA democracy" at the entrance to the office building and on the doors in the corridors of the enterprise "Sumarstvo" (Forestry) in Visegrad. There was a marked change in the behavior and style of dress of the Muslim population who increasingly wore green. When in the spring of 1991 Stanko Pecikoza, of Serb nationality, tried to persuade the Muslims to let the passengers of a bus from Serbia get out, the Muslims set out to beat him. Kasim Feric, a Muslim said: "Not a single Serb shall cross the Drina river ever again, fuck their Serbian mothers!

On December 14, 1990, the Muslims Ramo Kahriman and Senad Kahriman, without any reason or cause, physically attacked the Serb Stanko Perunicic, the production manager of the enterprise "Varda" in Visegrad, in his office. Ramo caught him by the head and hit him while Senad pounded him from the back and they inflicted light bodily injuries on him in the form of scratches and abrasions.

On January 21, 1991 in Visegrad, in the catering establishment called "AB", Zahid Hurem, Kemal Hurem and Jasmin Smajic physically attacked the Serb Sasa Radovanovic from Visegrad. They hit him on the body with their hands and with bottles and kicked him with their feet inflicting light bodily injuries.

On April 5, 1991, the Muslim Kemal Sadikovic from Visegrad, in a drunken state, attempted to rape the minor D.S. of Serb nationality in his car, whom he knew from before and who boarded his automobile in the belief that she would come to no harm.

On St. George’s Day, May 6, 1991, Muslims erected bar

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