Richie Havens, who brought an earthy soulfulness to the folk scene of the 1960s and was the first act to hit the stage at
From the beginning, when he played Greenwich Village folk clubs in the mid-1960s, Havens stood out due to more than just his imposing height (he was six-and-a-half feet tall) and his ethnicity (African-American in a largely white folk scene). He played his acoustic guitar with an open tuning and in a fervent, rhythmic style. He sang in a sonorous, gravel-road voice that connected folk, blues, and gospel.
Like many of his peers, Havens was a songwriter (he co-wrote one of his best-known songs, “Handsome Johnny,” with actor Lou Gossett Jr.). But Havens also knew a great contemporary song when he heard it, and made his name covering and rearranging songs by Bob Dylan (“Just Like a Woman,” “It’s All Over Now, Baby Blue”) and the Beatles (“With a Little Help from My Friends,” “Eleanor Rigby,” “Here Comes the Sun”).
“Music is the major form of communication,” he told Rolling Stone in 1968. “It’s the commonest vibration, the people’s news broadcast, especially for kids.”
The oldest of nine children, Havens grew up in
After recording two albums for a small label, Havens signed with Dylan’s manager, Albert Grossman. After that, Havens’s visibility jumped a few notches. In 1966, Havens was signed to Verve/Folkways, who released his classic Mixed Bag that year.
Havens already had a growing audience thanks to albums like 1968’s blues-folk-psychedelic double LP Electric Havens, when he signed up for
Havens wasn’t supposed to be the first act to open the festival as that slot originally was intended for the band Sweetwater, but they wound up stuck in traffic. Backstage, co-organizer Michael Lang approached Havens and practically begged him to go on instead. “It had to be Richie. I knew he could handle it,” Lang later wrote.
After performing a half-dozen songs, Havens ran out of material until he remembered “that word I kept hearing while I looked over the crowd in my first moments onstage. The word was: freedom.” Havens began chanting that word over and over, backed by his second guitarist and conga player, and eventually segued into the gospel song “Sometimes I Feel Like a Motherless Child,” which he had heard in church as a child. The surging medley wasn’t just a crowd- pleaser; it later became a highlight of the
In the years after
In recent years, Havens was rediscovered by a new generation. His collaboration with Groove Armada, “Hands of Time,” appeared on the soundtrack of the 2004 Tom Cruise film Collateral. He also published a memoir They Can’t Hide Us Anymore in 2000 and released his final album Nobody Left to Crown in 2008.