Despite all the news accounts and punditry since the New York Times published its Dec. 16 bombshell about the National Security Agencyâ€™s domestic spying, the media coverage has made virtually no mention of the fact that the Bush administration used the NSA to spy on U.N. diplomats in New York before the invasion of Iraq.
That spying had nothing to do with protecting the United States from a terrorist attack. The entire purpose of the NSA surveillance was to help the White House gain leverage, by whatever means possible, for a resolution in the U.N. Security Council to green light an invasion.
When that surveillance was exposed nearly three years ago, the mainstream U.S. media winked at Bushâ€™s illegal use of the NSA for his Iraq invasion agenda.
Back then, after news of the NSAâ€™s targeted spying at the United Nations broke in the British press, major U.S. media outlets gave it only perfunctory coverage — or, in the case of the New York Times, no coverage at all. Now, while the NSA is in the news spotlight with plenty of retrospective facts, the NSAâ€™s spying at the U.N. goes
unmentioned: buried in an Orwellian memory hole.
A rare exception was a paragraph in a Dec. 20 piece by Patrick Radden Keefe in the online magazine Slate — which pointedly noted that â€œthe eavesdropping took place in Manhattan and violated the General Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations, the Headquarters Agreement for the United Nations, and the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, all of which the United States has signed.â€
But after dodging the story of the NSAâ€™s spying at the U.N. when it mattered most — before the invasion of Iraq — the New York Times and other major news organizations are hardly apt to examine it now. Thatâ€™s all the more reason for other media outlets to step into the breach.
In early March 2003, journalists at the London-based Observer reported that the NSA was secretly participating in the U.S. governmentâ€™s high-pressure campaign for the U.N. Security Council to approve a pro-war resolution. A few days after the Observer revealed the text of an NSA memo about U.S. spying on Security Council delegations, I asked Daniel Ellsberg to assess the importance of the story. â€œThis leak,â€ he replied, â€œis more timely and potentially more important than the Pentagon Papers.â€ The key word was â€œtimely.â€
Publication of the top-secret Pentagon Papers in 1971, made possible by Ellsbergâ€™s heroic decision to leak those documents, came after the Vietnam War had been underway for many years. But with an invasion of Iraq still in the future, the leak about NSA spying on U.N. diplomats in New York could erode the Bush administrationâ€™s already slim chances of getting a war resolution through the Security Council. (Ultimately, no such resolution passed before the invasion.) And media scrutiny in the United States could have shed light on how Washingtonâ€™s war push was based on subterfuge and manipulation.
â€œAs part of its battle to win votes in favor of war against Iraq,â€ the Observer had reported on March 2, 2003, the U.S. government developed an â€œaggressive surveillance operation, which involves interception of the home and office telephones and the e-mails of U.N. delegates.â€ The smoking gun was â€œa memorandum written by a top official at the National Security Agency — the U.S. body which intercepts communications around the world — and circulated to both senior agents in his organization and to a friendly foreign intelligence agency.â€ The friendly agency was Britainâ€™s Government Communications Headquarters.
The Observer explained: â€œThe leaked memorandum makes clear that the target of the heightened surveillance efforts are the delegations from Angola, Cameroon, Chile, Mexico, Guinea and Pakistan at the U.N. headquarters in New York — the so-called â€˜Middle Sixâ€™ delegations whose votes are being fought over by the pro-war party, led by the U.S. and Britain, and the party arguing for more time for U.N. inspections, led by France, China and Russia.â€
The NSA memo, dated Jan. 31, 2003, outlined the wide scope of the surveillance activities, seeking any information useful to push a war resolution through the Security Council — â€œthe whole gamut of information that could give U.S. policymakers an edge in obtaining results favorable to U.S. goals or to head off surprises.â€
Noting that the Bush administration â€œfinds itself isolatedâ€ in its zeal for war on Iraq, the Times of London called the leak of the memo an â€œembarrassing disclosure.â€ And, in early March 2003, the embarrassment was nearly worldwide. From Russia to France to Chile to Japan to Australia, the story was big mainstream news. But not in the United States.
Several days after the â€œembarrassing disclosure,â€ not a word about it had appeared in the New York Times, the USAâ€™s supposed paper of record. â€œWell, itâ€™s not that we havenâ€™t been interested,â€ Times deputy foreign editor Alison Smale told me on the evening of March 5, nearly 96 hours after the Observer broke the story. But â€œwe could get no confirmation or commentâ€ on the memo from U.S. officials. Smale added: â€œWe would normally expect to do our own intelligence reporting.â€ Whatever the rationale, the New York Times opted not to cover the story at all.
Except for a high-quality Baltimore Sun article that appeared on March 4, the coverage in major U.S. media outlets downplayed the significance of the Observerâ€™s revelations. The Washington Post printed a 514-word article on a back page with the headline â€œSpying Report No Shock to U.N.â€ Meanwhile, the Los Angeles Times published a longer piece that didnâ€™t only depict U.S. surveillance at the United Nations as old hat; the LA Times story also reported â€œsome experts suspected that it [the NSA memo] could be a forgeryâ€ — and â€œseveral former top intelligence officials said they were skeptical of the memoâ€™s authenticity.â€
But within days, any doubt about the NSA memoâ€™s â€œauthenticityâ€ was gone. The British press reported that the U.K. government had arrested an unnamed female employee at a British intelligence agency in connection with the leak. By then, however, the spotty coverage of the top-secret NSA memo in the mainstream U.S. press had disappeared.
As it turned out, the Observerâ€™s expose — headlined â€œRevealed: U.S. Dirty Tricks to Win Vote on Iraq Warâ€ — came 18 days before the invasion of Iraq began.
From the day that the Observer first reported on NSA spying at the United Nations until the moment 51 weeks later when British prosecutors dropped charges against whistleblower Katharine Gun, major U.S. news outlets provided very little coverage of the story. The media avoidance continued well past the day in mid-November 2003 when Gunâ€™s name became public as the British press reported that she had been formally charged with violating the draconian Official Secrets Act.
Facing the possibility of a prison sentence, Katharine Gun said that disclosure of the NSA memo was â€œnecessary to prevent an illegal war in which thousands of Iraqi civilians and British soldiers would be killed or maimed.â€ She said: â€œI have only ever followed my conscience.â€
In contrast to the courage of the lone woman who leaked the NSA memo — and in contrast to the journalistic vigor of the Observer team that exposed it — the most powerful U.S. news outlets gave the revelation the media equivalent of a yawn. Top officials of the Bush administration, no doubt relieved at the lack of U.S. media concern about the NSAâ€™s illicit spying, must have been very encouraged.
This article is adapted from Norman Solomonâ€™s new book â€œWar Made Easy: How Presidents and Pundits Keep Spinning Us to Death.â€ For information, go to: