The crisis in Greece is not a 'sovereign (government) debt' crisis. That's the surface appearance of the problem. The below the surface struggle is about how bankers, bondholders and speculators–together with their politicians in government–can offload the cost of bad assets they created onto the shoulders of the Greek people. It's all about 'who's going to pay for the bad assets created by bankers and speculators'.
The news now coming out of Greece, reported in the western press, is that the big banker, hedge fund, private equity finance boys of northern Europe, UK, and US are willing to 'take a hair cut' and lose 70% of the value of their existing bonds. But the real facts are that that 70% reduction includes only 30% of the bonds outstanding for Greece that have become 'bad assets'. No mention is made in the press of the other 70% of bonds that are not required to take a loss. That are projected to be repaid at full value in the most recent Greek settlement—paid for by the jobs, wages, and social benefits of the Greek populace.
The reported Greek debt is somewhere between $300-$400 billion. The current 'loan' in question to Greece is about $170 billion. But the real Greek total debt is likely around $600-$650 billion. That's just about the total on hand for the entire European bailout fund. (The total bailout that will be needed for all of the Eurozone is likely around $4 trillion, this writer estimates, to cover not only Greece but Portugal [next up for another $200 billion], Spain, Italy [more than a $trillion], as well as other 'lesser economies' also increasingly in trouble, such as Hungary, Austria, Belgium, and soon perhaps even economic stalwarts like Norway whose housing bubble is now about to burst).
In other words, the Greece and overall Eurozone debt crisis is far from over and has a long course yet to run. That means little Greece's problems are also far from over as well. As they say, 'you ain't seen nothing yet'. The next firestorm is coming in April or sometime this late spring.
If you want to see what a bona fide economic depression in the 21st century looks like, look at Greece. One out of two youth unemployed. General unemployment in excess of 25% (the worst year level in the US in the 1930s). GDP collapsing. Wages falling by 20%-40%. Pensions shrinking. Jobs melting away at an increasing rate. And the bondholders-bankers behind the Germany-French and other Euro governments want the Greek people to pay for something they didn't create. They want the people to cover the lion's share burden of making up for their bad assets.
Greece is also a good example how an economy cannot 'austerity its way to recovery'. Cutting incomes of those whose spending make up the overwhelming majority of the economy is not a path to recovery–as Obama and Congress will soon find out in 2013. Already the $2.2 trillion US deficit cuts mandated in 2011, which are scheduled to take effect AFTER the upcoming November 2012 national elections, will slow the US economy to a less than 1% GDP growth. Those aren't my numbers; they're the cautious Congressional Budget Office's numbers. And that less than 1% growth is BEFORE Congress and the next president (doesn't matter who) set to work cutting another $4 trillion immediately after the elections. That's when the real US deficit cutting crunch will start–and the next double dip of the US economy.
Obama and Congress will discover what an 'austerity recession' is, come 2013. In that they will join Japan and most of western Europe, including the French and the British. Austerity, or deficit-budget cutting, only makes a debt crisis worse. Dont' believe me, ask the Greeks!
There are only two ways to get out of deep debt-driven economic contraction that remains 'systemically fragile' today across the board. I'm talking about both the US and the Eurozone, as well as Japan. One way is to reflate the economy by generating inflation. The other is to liquidate the bad assets. Policy makers are failing to achieve the former and will continue to refuse the latter, since liquidation of bondholders’ assets translates into massive bank defaults.
The Federal Reserve has done a horrible job at reflating the economy. The trillions it has spent on bailing out the banks, printing money, buying banks and mortgage lenders' bad subprime loans at near full purchase price instead of the real 15 cents on the dollar they are worth, has led not to inflation in product prices (that would stimulate investment) but instead resulted in the Federal Reserve spoon-feeding speculators around the globe. The Fed has pumped up stock markets, real estate, currency speculation and volatility, oil and commodity prices, and financial securities in general. The money and credit from the Fed has not gotten to those parts of the economy that need it most. The Fed is not broke. It can always print money. It's just that Fed policy is itself broken.
The other option is to 'liquidate' the bad assets. That too the Fed and the Obama administration have sadly failed at. The essence of the Fed-Obama bank bailout strategy since 2009 has been to 'rescue' the banks–not by removing the bad assets from their balance sheets but just by pumping liquidity into these zombie institutions (many of which have been technically insolvent and bankrupt now for years), to in effect 'offset' the bad assets on their balance sheets. The bad assets are still there. The Fed and Congress have not only just 'offset' the bad assets on the private balance sheet, but have in so doing mirrored those bad assets on the public balance sheet side. So it not only failed to remove (liquidate) the bad assets; it doubled them. Now the public sector has become as 'fragile' as the banking sector. But liquidation, you see, is abhorred by the bankers and bondholders. They don't want their asset values 'reduced' or expunged. They want the people to pay for the losses. And that, once again, is Greece today–and the USA come 2013 and beyond.
For an 'Alternative Program for Economic Recovery' that makes bankers and bondholder-speculators pay for the losses on their bad assets, see Jack's program by the same title on his website, www.kyklosproductions.com, as well as his forthcoming book, Obama’s Economy: Recovery for the Few, by Pluto Press and Palgrave, March 2012.