Anarchosyndicalists sought, even under capitalism, to create ?free associations of free producers? that would engage in militant struggle and prepare to take over the organization of production on a democratic basis. These associations would serve as ?a practical school of anarchism??.In his attack on the right of private or bureaucratic control over the means of production, the anarchist takes his stand with those who struggle to bring about ?the third and last emancipatory phase of history,? the first having made serfs out of slaves, the second having made wage earners out of serfs, and the third which abolishes the proletariat in a final act of liberation that places control over the economy in the hands of free and voluntary associations of producers.