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Boaventura de Sousa Santos: The Statues of our Discontent

The truth is that statues are a thing of the past only as long as they stand quietly in squares, as indifferent to us as we are to them

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Boaventura de Sousa Santos: Virus: All that is Solid Melts into Air

Since the 1980s—as neoliberalism established itself as the leading version of capitalism, which in its turn became increasingly dependent on the logic of the financial sector—the world has been living in a permanent state of crisis

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Boaventura de Sousa Santos: The “De-Aging” of the World

The underlying idea is that no matter how unbearable the experience of aging, it is always more bearable when it is shared

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Boaventura de Sousa Santos: Toward A New Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, I

By 1000 Words/Shutterstock.com   Baruch de Spinoza, the great 17th century philosopher, wrote that the two basic human emotions (or “affections,” as he called them) are fear and hope, and he suggested that a balance needs to be struck between the two, because fear unmingled with hope leads to despair and hope unmingled with fear Read more…

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Boaventura de Sousa Santos: Ecuador: From the middle of the world to the end of the world

Demonstration in Quito Ecuador, by Fabiana Lando/Shutterstock.com As its very name suggests, Ecuador is geographically located in the middle of the world. And now, from all appearances, neoliberalism has decided to carry out its end-of-the-world maneuvers in this country. That is perhaps the reason it is coming to the realization that the Ecuadorean people are Read more…

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Boaventura de Sousa Santos: Seeing Horizons in the Clotheslines

We are at this juncture where the small, detailed horizon of hanging our clothes to dry needs to be articulated with the broader horizon of the social, economic, political, and cultural meteorology of our time

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Boaventura de Sousa Santos: The Age of Pardon or the Age of Aggression?

The anti-colonial struggles waged in Latin America (19th century) and then Africa and Asia (20th century) aimed to ensure historical justice, restore territories to their inhabitants and allow people to be the builders of their own future

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