Coastal city is renegade general’s last major target in east of country, where water, food, medicine and electricity are already running out
Libya is ruled by a patchwork of rival heavily armed gangs that have sown terror in the population
The Obama Doctrine is Ravaging the Middle East
The limits of the ‘responsibility to protect’ doctrine
Almost guaranteed to spread more misery across North Africa
Militias have had a free run of the country and the entry of the I.S. has only led to a worsening of the violence, arson and mayhem that have been the order of the day
The Paris attacks make further escalations harder to resist, if not politically inevitable and politically all but impossible to oppose. But opposition must arise from somewhere if we are ever to break out of this spiral of violence that has led only downward for more than a decade.
ISIS is the progeny of those in Washington, London and Paris who, in conspiring to destroy Iraq, Syria and Libya, committed an epic crime against humanity
Four years ago, as NATO prepared to bomb Libya, I asked a senior Western diplomat if he thought the experience of Iraq would inform this adventure. After all, regime change in Iraq had resulted in chaos – out of which had emerged, in 2006, the Islamic State of Iraq. Regime change produced chaos, which allowed the Read more…
Libya is currently split, politically, between two governments and, geographically, among many armies, militias, tribes and mercenaries. It is a failed state par excellence, although such a designation does not do justice to the complexity of the Libyan case, together with the root causes of that failure.