I’ve been having a look at the results of these elections as they appear in the Galician Wikipedia, in the chart just under the title “RESULTS.”
It appears that:
- The sum of the votes achieved by En Marea, the Socialists Party of Galicia (PSdeG-PSOE, in the chart), the Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) and Citizens (Ciudadanos) would win the Galician Regional Elections, according to the number of the votes (but NOT, in fact is seems that NEVER, according to the number of SEATS).
President: Alberte Nuñez Feyjoo; Government: Galician Branch of Spanish People’s Party: 682.150 (VOTES); 41 (SEATS)
En Marea: Luís Villares: 273.523 (VOTES); 14 (SEATS)
PSdeG-PSOE :Xoaquín Fernández Leiceaga: 256.381 (VOTES); 14 (SEATS)
Bloque Nacionalista Galego|BNG: Ana Pontón: 119.446 (VOTES); 6 (SEATS)
Cidadáns-Partido da Ciudadanía|Cidadáns: Cristina Losada: 48.553 (VOTES); (NO SEATS AT THE PARLIAMENT of GALICIA).
Just making the division between the number of the votes achieved and the number of seats of each party at the Parliament of Galicia:
2.1. A seat of of the Parliaments of Galicia costs:
- 16637 votes for the People’s Party (PP)
- 19357 votes for En Marea
- 18312 votes for the Socialists’ Party of Galicia (PSdeG-PSOE)
- 19907 votes for the Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG)
2.2. Citizens (Ciudadanos) that using the same standards used for the Galician Nationalist Bloc should have 3 seats, is excluded from the Galician Parliament.
I can’t understand why seats at the Parliament are so cheap for the People’s Party. (About 3000 votes less for each seat than for the rest of the Parties).
May be something about the D’Hondt system, which dates from 1878 and is still in use in a many places.
A COUPLE of THINGS MORE I FIND DIFFICULT TO UNDERSTAND:
3.1. The People’s Party, which has 2,5 times the votes achieved by EnMarea, doesn’t have 2’5 times the seats of En Marea, that is, 35, according to my iPhone , but 41 SEATS.
- En Marea counts 273.523 votes;
- the Socialists Party of Galicia (PSdeGA-PSOE) counts 256.381 votes
- The Galician Nacionalist Bloc, leaded by Ana Ponton (BNG) counts 119.446 votes
All the three of them SUM 646.350 votes. The PEOPLE’S PARTY counts 682150. And, TO a DIFFERENCE of just 35.800 votes, CORRESPONDS A DIFFERENCE of SEVEN SEATS (7) at the Parliament.
To study in depth D’Hont system is too difficult for me (for the present).
In the Spanish Wikipedia article about the ELECTIONS FOR THE BASQUE PARLIAMENT ALSO HELD IN 2016:, https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elecciones_al_Parlamento_Vasco_de_2016 ( a full history of the Basque Regional Elections can be found here: http://www.historiaelectoral.com/aeuzkadi.html )
In the same place, in the chart that appears under the heading “RESULTADOS,” I find these data, somewhat MORE PROPORTIONED (seats costs around 14000 votes for every party, sometimes they are even “cheaper,” and, I think, I’m not sure of this, I’m not an expert, seats are more expensive for the parties in the Government than for the rest of the parties).
- Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea – Partido Nacionalista Vasco (EAJ-PNV) : Iñigo Urkullu Renteria:
- 398.168 (VOTES); 28 (SEATS) : Each SEAT costs 14.220 Votes.
- EUSKAL HERRIA BILDU (EH Bildu): Maddalen Iriarte:
- 225.172 (VOTES); 18 (SEATS) : Each SEAT costs 12.509 Votes
- Elkarrekin Podemos: Pilar Zabala Artano:
- 157.334 (VOTES); 11 (SEATS) : Each SEAT costs 14.300 Votes
- Partido Socialista de Euskadi-Euskadiko Ezkerra (PSE-EE): Idoia Media Cuevas:
- 126.420 (VOTES); 9 (SEATS) : Each SEAT costs 14046 Votes
- Partido Popular: Alfonso Alonso Aranegui:
- 107.771 (VOTES); 9 (SEATS): Each SEAT costs 11.974 Votes
- Ciudadanos – Partido de la Ciudadanía (C’s): Nicolás de Miguel Velez:
- 21.477 (VOTES); NO SEATS IN THE BASQUE PARLIAMENT
The Basque Government was formed by a coalition of Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea – Partido Nacionalista Vasco (EAJ-PNV) and the Partido socialista de Euskadi – Euskadiko Ezquerra (PSE-EE), which summed 524.588 votes, and got 37 seats (Each seat valued in 14178 valued).
The rest of the Parties which were represented at the Basque Parliament got a total of 490.277 votes and 38 Seats (each one valued in 12902 votes).
In the Basque Regional Elections is also in force the D’Hont system.
The total number of voters in the Galician Regional Elections of 2016, according to the web-site in which the Galician Xunta published the results, http://resultados2016.xunta.gal/11AU/DAU11999CM.htm?lang=gl , was of 2730513 voters (summing “voters,” “abstention,” and “null” and “blank” votes). Other statistics show a number of men and women above 18 of 1.104.940 (for men) and of 1.215.982 (for women), with a TOTAL NUMBER of MEN and WOMEN ABOVE 18 of 2.320.922: https://ugeo.urbistat.com/AdminStat/en/es/demografia/eta/galicia/12/2 The difference (409.591 votes) may be explained by the increase of the so called CERA VOTE, by which Galicians abroad were required to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as “begged” or expat vote (Spanish “Voto rogado”), a measure the Galician People’s Party is trying nullify to make this vote even easier, but progressive parties in the Parliament of Galicia against of, because its lack of guarantees: https://www.lavozdegalicia.es/amp/noticia/galicia/2018/12/05/parlamento-pide-derogacion-sistema-voto-rogado-facilitar-voto-emigrante/0003_201812G5P7991.htm
If in both (Regional) Elections the D’Hont system was applied, would it be possible to know according to which system are the seats at the Parliament of Galicia delivered?