Results we are after



that U.S. spy plane was snooping around the coast of China, crashed into a

Chinese military plane, killing its pilot, the "liberal" media swung into action

and gave us constant coverage of the international incident.


though a Chinese pilot was dead and no American lives were lost, MSNBC – on one

of its news shows – put forward a revealing question: Should America retaliate?


last week a small plane carrying American missionaries was shot down by the

Peruvian government, killing Veronica Bowers and her adopted daughter Charity.

It’s an alleged case of mistaken identity in the farcical war on drugs. Compared

to the spy plane incident, the coverage has been scant. And noticeably absent in

the aftermath of the "mistake" over Peru is any talk of U.S. retaliation.


what gives? How could there be serious discussion about retaliation against

China when no American lives were lost and a Chinese pilot was killed, but no

one is even raising the question of retaliation over Americans killed by Peru’s



some insight, one might begin with foreign policy scholar Charles Lipson, who

wrote "Standing Guard: Protecting Foreign Capital in the 19th and 20th

Centuries." In that book, Lipson details what every military planner knows: The

centerpiece of U.S. foreign policy is not humanitarian intervention but the

protection of the divine right of the rich to pry open foreign markets, with

military might if necessary, and extract huge profits despite the vast poverty

afflicting these societies.


is known as "anti-expropriation politics" in the literature. It’s discussed

openly in business and academic journals, safely out of the purview of public

scrutiny with the complicity of the "free" press. Meanwhile, the rabble is fed

ideological drivel about "freedom" and "democracy" and "human rights." Lipson

notes that the policy debate has never been about democracy, only a discussion

about tactics – "bounded by the consensus that the protection of corporate

investments was a fundamental and long-standing goal of U.S. foreign policy." He

cites a memorandum from U.S. AID administrator David Bell to President Kennedy,

regarding the anti-expropriation Hickenlooper amendment.


seek the same objectives Hickenlooper does. But formal amendments of this type

may arouse nationalistic feelings and exacerbate rather than ease the problems

at issue. Working quietly but forcefully behind the scenes is a far better way

to bring about the results that we are after."


Peru, as is the case throughout Latin America, "the results that we are after"

are undermining the agrarian economy with subsidized U.S. agricultural exports

and other pressures to drive Peruvian peasants into export production.


the words of another Latin America scholar, "when peasants are compelled to

function on the capitalist market, they do it just the way Milton Friedman says

they should: They look for the most profitable crop per hour of labor input. By

any measure, that’s going to be coca. So we drive them to produce it. Then when

we don’t like it, we go there and defoliate the farms. We don’t defoliate the

farms in North Carolina which are producing tobacco, (although) it would be a

lot easier than sending bombers out to Peru."


in mind that Peru (and Colombia) have the most inequitable land distribution in

all of Latin America, which is noted by State Department analysts as the major

cause of the various civil wars in the region, pitting wealthy landowners and

their U.S. corporate allies against the landless peasants.


example, in 1968, the Peruvian government tried to address the problem with land

reform. The International Petroleum Co., a subsidiary of Standard Oil now known

as Exxon, was expropriated. Never mind that these American businesses were

pulling profits out of a struggling economy. Something had to be done.


to Peru was immediately but quietly suspended. Standard Oil initially asked

Washington to invoke the Hickenlooper amendment but later backed off after being

convinced by State Department officials that such harsh legislation serves only

to enflame nationalist sentiment in foreign countries.

Lipson concludes: "Most multinational companies now think that inflexible

threats to suspend foreign aid are either ineffective deterrents or

self-defeating retribution… . This new attitude is best summarized by the

president of Exxon Services in Caracas.

"After Venezuela nationalized billions of dollars in foreign oil concessions,

including Exxon’s, he told Business Week: ‘The government has gained control of

the oil industry without risk, and we have found an attractive income for

technology that we would have to develop anyway… . This is the way the world

is going and it is, in itself, a profitable business’."


war-drum beating over Peru as was done over China. Makes sense. Only innocent

Americans were killed by the Peruvian government. No profits are at stake.


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