Russell Mokhiber and Robert Weissman


six years ago, a friend gave us a toaster. It was a present. The friend bought

the toaster from Williams-Sonoma, the San Francisco-based kitchen store, with

outlets in upscale malls throughout the United States.


was a modern toaster, which means first, that it was made primarily out of

plastic instead of stainless steel, second, it had all kinds of gizmos on it,

and third, if something goes wrong with it, in all likelihood, because of the

modern electronic devices embedded in it, you won’t be able to fix it.


these new modern toasters, you can calibrate the shade of the toast — you can

set the toaster for lighter or darker toast. Our first plastic toaster lasted

about two years before it stopped toasting.


Williams-Sonoma will replace any item if you are "not satisfied with your

purchase for any reason." We took it back to the store here in Washington,

D.C. and told the sales clerk that we received the toaster as a present

purchased from Williams-Sonoma and that the toaster wasn’t working. The sales

clerk said — no problem, here’s a new one.


she handed over a brand new Kenwood Four Slice plastic toaster, which lasted a

little longer than a year, before it stopped toasting. So, we took the Kenwood

back and told the clerk at the store what happened and the clerk said — no

problem, and she handed over a new toaster — different make, this one was a

Toastronic Ultra.


following year, same problem. And same solution. We turned in the Toastronic

Ultra and return it for a Kitchen Aid Toaster.


week, the Kitchen Aid Toaster stopped toasting on one side. We took it in to the

Williams-Sonoma, and the clerk handed over a Cuisinart plastic toaster.


Cuisinart toaster has all kinds of features, including a Bagel button, a defrost

button, a reheat button, the now traditional lighter and darker buttons, a

cancel reset button, and most annoyingly, a "shade control" panel,

which in bright red lights (just what you don’t want to see in the morning)

tells you where exactly on a scale of very light toast to very dark toast you

have calibrated your new toaster for this morning.


have a friend who is a super cautious person, but who believes that toasters

should last a lifetime. (Forgive him — he is from a different era.) So anyway,

he gets one of these new plastic toasters, and the plastic lever falls off. Now

every time he wants toast, he throws caution to the wind and sticks a butter

knife into the toaster’s lever slot to hold down the lever until it clicks in.


at this repeated failure of modern technology, we called Williams-Sonoma’s

customer service line. The sales person answered and we told her our story about

returning the plastic toasters periodically to her store. She said she didn’t

think she could do anything about the complaint. We asked — why not just sell a

toaster that lasts?


she said — we do. It’s stainless steel Dualit Combi Toaster and it sells for

$319.00. The plastic Cuisinart that we just received sells for $99.95. "You

can buy the Dualit and it will toast for you well into your 90s," she said

with a snicker.


San Francisco, Williams-Sonoma spokesperson Tracy Brown told us that her store

tries to sell the "newest and greatest" products. She said she checked

with a buyer, and complaints about toasters breaking down "are not

common." Brown then called back to report that "we identified

reliability problems with the Kitchen Aid and that’s why we got rid of it."

"We really believe that the Cuisinart toaster will last," she said.


of course, we remember our parents’ toasters — the aluminum Toastmasters that

they toasted with — toasters that lasted a lifetime.


classic toasters had no bagel button, no defrost button, no reheat button, and

definitely no shade control panel.


simply stuck the slices of bread into the slot, pushed down the lever, and

waited for the toast to pop up. So, with all the wonders of modern technology,

why can’t the companies make a reasonably priced toaster that lasts?


put this question to Holly Smith-Berry, marketing director at the Columbia,

Missouri based Toastmaster, the company that sold the first pop up toaster in

1926 (Model 1A-1) for $12.50. "We get letters from our customers, wanting

to send us their old Toastmaster toasters, telling us they love the triple loop

design on the side of the toaster, and they are amazed at how long they have

lasted — 50 or 60 years, in some cases," Smith-Berry said. "But if

you took our 1940 steel toaster and costed it out for inflation, it would cost

$170 today."


said that Toastmaster toasters today range from $10 to $30 and they are tested

to last for 12 or so years. "We’ve seen toasters selling in Wal-Mart for

$7.96," she said. "So, if you don’t want to clean the crumbs out of

your toaster, you can just get rid of it and buy a new one."

"Unfortunately, we live in a more disposable society," she says.


makes a heavy duty toaster, but it’s built in Germany by Bosch Siemens, it’s

designed by Porsche, and it sells for $225.


decline of the reliable, reasonably priced toaster is symbolic of what’s gone

wrong with modern society — shoddy products, disposable society, planned

obsolescence, high-tech but no respect.


control in, quality out.



Mokhiber is editor of the Washington, D.C.-based Corporate Crime Reporter.

Robert Weissman is editor of the Washington, D.C.-based Multinational Monitor.

They are co-authors of Corporate Predators: The Hunt for MegaProfits and the

Attack on Democracy (Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press, 1999).


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