COVID-19 and the Military
On May 18, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) launched a Salvation Army-like charity drive asking the public for donations of money, food and mobile phones to help an estimated 40,000 homeless veterans during the pandemic. More than one-half of all homeless veterans are African American and Hispanic, while they account for only 15 percent of U.S. veterans, another punishing consequence of pervasive racism.
How is it that a country that spends nearly $1 trillion each year on the military, national security, cybersecurity and weapons manufacture, a country that touts itself as the military superpower of the world, with soldiers and weapons on every continent except Antarctica, needs charity for its veterans?
The final end for World War II veterans at the Holyoke Soldiers Home in Massachusetts tragically mirrored their wartime experiences. Feted when first built in 1952, the Soldiers Home has suffered serious shortages of protective gear during COVID-19 and has been chronically underfunded and understaffed, such that the administrator combined wards of uninfected and infected men. Of the 210 veterans living there, 89 had died by late May—among the highest death tolls of any end-of-life facility in the country.
In late March, Captain Brett Crozier sent an email up his chain of command regarding the hazardous conditions for the 4,800-crew members aboard the tightly quartered aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt, on which cases of coronavirus were growing. “We are not at war. Sailors do not need to die,” he wrote. “If we do not act now, we are failing to properly take care of our most trusted asset—our Sailors.” When his message was leaked to the San Francisco Chronicle, the captain was removed from his post. “We all have one mission and that’s to defend the nation,” said then Secretary of the Navy Thomas Modley who removed Crozier, suggesting the sailors at risk were dispensable. As of June 10, 1,200 of the 4,800 crew members aboard the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt had contracted the coronavirus.
If soldiers and veterans are so disposable, what does matter to the deepest pocket of our tax dollars, the Department of Defense?
Since the inception of the pandemic, the Washington consensus assured that major weaponsmakers, such as Lockheed Martin and Raytheon would receive payment in advance of work. The chief pandemic profiteer Lockheed Martin received an estimated $450 million to keep its supply chain for weapons funded. So generous is the advance funding that the company is advertising thousands of new jobs. This while millions of unemployed waited desperately for their belated $1,200 aid and relief payment from the federal government.
Elsewhere, tucked away in the House Heroes Act is a provision to reimburse defense contractors, not only for unemployed workers but also for executives’ salaries and business costs of marketing and sales.
Why the preference for the industry of war and death, over its vets and soldiers? For one, the Pentagon is driven to remain the macho military superpower of the world, given China’s economic prowess. Marshall Billingslea, the U.S. arms control negotiator, has sets his sights on spending Russia and China “into oblivion” in an arms race. Secretary of Defense Mark Esper worries that the $3 trillion infusion into the economy for, among others, the now 16 percent unemployed, those who can’t pay for rent or food or medications, “may throw us off course of increasing the DOD budget 3 to 5%.”
Every “good” in our federal discretionary budget—education, housing, health, renewable energy, diplomacy, and more—is cut in Trump’s proposed 2021 budget, while weapons of mass destruction, fossil fuels, anti-immigration staffing and resources are increased. Worse, the DOD has insulated the weapons manufacturers from the economic crash of COVID-19 in order to assure our military dominance in the world.
With a new administration, we have a chance to cut the defense budget. However, as one analyst writes “even the most liberal legislators are likely to rush to the defense of plants [and jobs] in their own district.” But, an aggressive Green New Deal here, like Germany’s economic recovery plan, could replace lost defense jobs with solar and wind technology jobs.
We need to redefine our militarized national security embodied in weapons and global top cop mentality as urgently as cities and states need to rethink community security embodied in militarized police. We need to replace the “necessary” arms industry with a more necessary Green New Deal that can revive our economy, slow the climate crisis upon us, and forge a path to peace in our world. Z
Pat Hynes, retired Professor of Environmental Health, directs the Traprock Center for Peace and Justice. https://traprock.org