Open Letter to the Nicaraguan government from U.S. solidarity workers (1979-1990)


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We, the undersigned, are progressive activists who have been part of the U.S. anti- intervention and solidarity movements that supported the Sandinista revolution starting in the 1970s. Many of us lived and worked in Nicaragua or visited as members of international solidarity delegations and work brigades between 1979 and 1990.

We believed then, and we continue to believe now, in the Nicaraguan people’s right to self- determination. The overthrow of the Somoza dictatorship and the building of a new society were acts of a sovereign people determining their own destiny.

We went to Nicaragua to support the heroic and noble efforts of the Nicaraguan people to rebuild their country into one of justice, equality and democracy.

We also went to witness and oppose the illegal and immoral actions of our own government that violated the Nicaraguan people’s right to self-determination. The U.S. government organized, financed, directed and protected a contra army that killed thousands of civilians, burned schools, health clinics and farms, and targeted assassinations of teachers, doctors, and agronomists. One of the U.S.-backed contra’s victims was our colleague, engineer Benjamin Linder, who was murdered in April 1987 along with his Nicaraguan coworkers Sergio Hernandez and Pablo Rosales while they were building a hydroelectric dam in northern Nicaragua.

We are well aware of – and detest – the long, shameful history of U.S. government intervention in Nicaragua and many other countries in Latin America.

However, the crimes of the U.S. government – past and present – are not the cause of, nor do they justify or excuse, the crimes against humanity committed by the current regime of Daniel Ortega and Rosario Murillo.

Over the last decade and a half, we have been increasingly disheartened to see how Daniel Ortega and Rosario Murillo have consolidated an autocratic family dynasty bent on staying in power above all else. We have been appalled by the targeting of women’s organizations, independent journalists, and environmentalists and indigenous communities opposing construction of the proposed canal. Controlling all branches of government, we have seen how the regime has totally politicized public institutions and undermined the rule of law.

In 2018, we watched the massive “autoconvocado” social protests that erupted. We saw
hundreds of thousands of Nicaraguans take to the streets. This massive outpouring was not
– and could not be – the result of U.S. intervention. It was a demonstration of self- determination, of Nicaraguans thinking for themselves and taking action on their own behalf.
We were shocked and horrified by the Ortega-Murillo regime’s deadly response to those protests, and to the ever-escalating political repression of civil society and violation of the Nicaraguan people’s basic human and constitutional rights.

And now, during these last few weeks and days, we are outraged by the latest maneuvers to shut down all dissent. We are outraged by the arrest and detention of five prominent potential opposition candidates in the scheduled November 2021 elections, even if we do not agree with their political positions. We are outraged by the arrest and detention of civil society and opposition activists and leaders. And we are outraged by the arrest and detention of historic revolutionaries Dora María Téllez, Hugo Torres and Victor Hugo
Tinoco.

Even at the height of the U.S.-directed contra war against Nicaragua, the revolutionary government respected and protected the right of opposition candidates to run in free and fair elections. In 1990, we were surprised and saddened by the electoral defeat of the Sandinistas, but we were also impressed by the peaceful transition of power, a sign of democracy in action.
The Ortega-Murillo government in no way represents the values, principles and goals of the Sandinista revolution we once admired, and it betrays the memory of tens of thousands of Nicaraguans who died for a democratic Nicaragua where its people freely and fairly choose who should lead them.

For these reasons, and as anti-intervention, progressive solidarity workers, we call on the Ortega-Murillo regime to:

Release the more than 130 political prisoners currently being held, including the pre- candidates, members of the opposition, and historic leaders of the Sandinista revolution;
Rescind and make null and void the draconian national security law under which these individuals were arrested; and

Negotiate electoral reforms that will ensure free and fair elections that allow the currently detained pre-candidates to run, and that are internationally observed.

Signed:

Alice Walker, Writer
Daniel Ellsberg, Pentagon Papers whistleblower and peace activist
Holly Near, Singer songwriter
Margaret Randall, Writer, Resident in Nicaragua 1979-1984
Noam Chomsky, Professor, U of Arizona/MIT
Adrianne Aron , Mental Health Workers in Solidarity with Nicaragua, Committee for Health Rights in Central America
Agnes Black, Witness for Peace 1987-1989
Åke Svensson, Development work
Alan Cugliani
Alicia Fernandez, New Haven CISPES & Nicaragua solidarity 1980-1985
Alicia González
Amanda Newstetter, support for Popular Education Collective to Prevent HIV/AIDS
Amy Grunder, Central America Solidarity Association, Cambridge, MA -1984-1989
Andrea Buffa, Volunteer 1985
Andrés Thomas Conteris, Founder of Democracy Now! en Español, Veterans Fast for Life
Andrew Berman, Veterans for Peace, Tecnica volunteer, Chicago Nicaragua Solidarity Committee
Andrew Courtney, WESPAC Foundation, New York/Nicaragua Construction Brigade
Andy Nash, Resident in Managua 1980
Angela Bartels
Angeles J. Acosta Rodriguez, Brigada Eugenio Maria de Hostos
Anita Levy, San Diego Teachers Brigade to Tipitapa 1986
Anki Sundelin, Diakonia project 1980-1982
Ann Ferguson, Faculty and Staff for Peace in Central America, Feminist Aid to Central America, Latin American Solidarity Committee of Western Massachusetts
Ann Niederkorn, Pledge of Resistance
Ann Nihlen
Ann Philbin, Vecino Construction Brigade, Esteli, Nicaragua, 1985; NICA Language School, Esteli 1987- 1991
Ann Schnake, Dream Farm Commons, Committee for Health Rights in Central America, Esteli Sister City
Anne Macpherson, SUNY Brockport, Architects and Planners for Nicaragua 1988, MINSA.
Anne Perkins, Brigada Companeros, Condega, Esteli
Anthony Keller
Antonio Torres , Central America Action Committee, Sacramento Action Latin America
Aura Lila Beteta, former Consul General of Nicaragua in San Francisco, Coordinator of Consuls in New Orlean, Miami, Los Angeles, Seattle, Tijuana. Now member of Honor Council of UNAMOS
Barbara Atkinson, Tecnica 1984, Terrasol 1987-2003
Barbara Byers
Barbara Johnson
Barbara Myers
Barbara S Wenger, Witness for Peace 1988-1989
Barbara Stahler-Sholk, Resident 1984-1989. Translator for El Nuevo Diario and Barricada Internacional, CUSCLIN, National Art Museum
Barbara Wigginton, Resident 1985-86, Tecnica. Film “Displaced by War.”
Barry Ingber, Coffee Brigade, Matagalpa, Central America Solidarity Association, Cambridge, MA, Pledge of Resistance
Beatrix Gates
Belinda Resiliencia
Bernardine Dohrn
Beth Stephens, Rutgers Law School, Nicaraguan National Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, 1983-1989
Betsy Cohn, Director, Central American Historical Institute 1982-1988
Bette Steinmuller, NICA Language School 1984-85, Ministry of Education 1985-1987
Betty Purcell, Coffee Brigade, Matagalpa 1986
Beverly Treumann, Literacy Campaign Brigadista in San Rafael del Norte 1980, NICA Language School, Esteli, 1982-1989
Bill Bigelow, Rethinking Schools, Portland Central America Solidarity Committee, Teachers Committee on Central America, Network of Educators Committees on Central America
Bill Hofmann, Tecnica volunteer, 1986
Bill Horne, ENAP 1985-86
Bill Jetton, Bay Area Construction Brigade 1985, Tecnica, Esteli 1987
Bob Good
Bob Peterson, President of the Milwaukee Board of Education
Bobbie Camacho, Friends of Nicaraguan Culture 1983-89; Peace and Solidarity Alliance 1983-90, Rainbow Coalition
Bonnie Shepard
Bonnie Tenneriello, Coffee Brigade, 1985. Central America team at Washington Office on Latin American 1987-1993
Bradford Barham, Stanford Central America Action Network 1981-87, Wisconsin Coordinating Council on Nicaragua
Brady Torres, Central American Action Committee, Sacramento Action Latin America
Brian Folkins-Amador, Arts for a New Nicaragua Delegations 1984 &1986
Bruce G. Trigg, MD, NY Doctors Coalition, Democratic Socialists of America
Bruce Gardiner, Solar Roots, Bay Area Construction Brigade, Acoyapa1988
Camille Kerpen, Architects & Planners in Solidarity with Nicaragua
Carl Smool, CANTO, Seattle
Carmen Diana Deere, University of Florida, CIERA 1980-85, PACCA 1981-89
Carol “Kelley” Ready, NICA Language School, Estelí 1985, Dorchester People for Peace
Carol Gomez-Robelo
Carol Masters
Carol Parkinson, Ministry of Agriculture 1987-1988
Carol R. Soto
Carol Ungar, Nicaragua Exchange Harvest Brigades Organizer and Tecnica Organizer 1983-1986
Carole Raimondi
Caroline Unzaga
Carrie Parker, Witness for Peace, 1985-1990
Catherine DeLorey, Women’s Health Institute, CHRICA
Catherine R Cusic, Director NICCA-San Francisco, advisor to MINSA
Catherine Rielly, Professor International Community Economic Development
Cathy Cockrell , NICA language school 1987; Editorial board, Nicaraguan Perspectives magazine 1987-89
Cedar Sigo
Charles Frederick
Charlotte Buchen Khadra, Camerawoman, American/Sandinista documentary film
Chellis Glendinning
Chris Rhinehart, Jalapa Nicaragua 1985, Seattle-Managua Sister City tour 1985, NicaTech 1984-1990, Construction Brigade 1987, Ben Linder UW Engineering Scholarship Board
Chris Tilly, Professor of Urban Planning UCLA, APSNICA, Pledge of Resistance 1987-1990
Christopher Pforr, Partners for Health 1994-2021, Amigos de Si a La Vida 1990-2020
Claire Kujundzic, Vancouver Solidarity Committee, Stamp designat TELCOR 1985-86; Tools for Peace.
Claire Stone, Nicaragua Brigade
Claire Trepanier, NICA Language school, SF solidarity
Rev. Dr. Clyde Kuemmerle, Ecclesia Ministries of New York
Colin MacAdam
Colleen Leahy Hawkins, NICA language school 1987
Cornelia Butler Flor, Iowa State University
Cort Youngen Greene, Nicaragua Solidarity Coalition 1980-1987
Cynthia A Peters, Editorial Vanguardia
Cynthia Anderson Barker, National Lawyers Guild, Casa Nicaragüense de Español 1982, Office of the Americas delegations, construction brigade 1989, coffee brigade 1989
Dalia Llera
Dan La Botz, Co-Editor New Politics, medical supply delegation 1984
Dan Moriarty
Dan Nord Tecnica volunteer 1985, support for Ben Linder for Cua-Bocay micro-hydro project 100.Dan Wohlfeiler, US Solidarity: Associate Producer, “Faces of War” 1985, Health Educator, Nicaragua
AIDS Information Project, 1987
Daniel Erdman, Presbyterian Church (USA) retired clergy, Acción Permanente Cristiana por la Paz/Witness for Peace, Nicaragua residence 1985-1989,
Daniel Moss, Coffee picker in Esteli
Danielle Yariv, Director of Computer Center, Region I, Las Segovias, Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform
Danny Poste, Internationalism from Below & Democratic Socialists of America (DSA)
Darien De Lu, President, US Section, Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, Coffee Brigade, 1980s, Sacramento Pledge of Resistance, 1984-1990s U.S. Solidarity: Central America Action Committee, Sacramento, California, 1991-2010 U.S. Solidarity: Sacramento Action for Latin America, Sacramento, California
Daryl T Williams, Coffee Brigades, 1984,1985, 1986
Dave Anderson, Democratic Socialists of America, former union activist with AFSCME and ColoradoWINS (retired)
Dave Lippman, Performed at many solidarity concerts in several countries 109.David Creighton, Program Director Tecnica
110.David G Legge, La Trobe University, Australian solidarity movement 111.David Hutchinson
112.David Jackson 113.David Kunzle
114.David L. Wilson, Tecnica delegations, 1985 and 1987; Nicaragua Solidarity Network, NY, 1985-2004 115.David Marshall, APNICA
116.David Parkhurst, Nicaraguan Windmill Repair Project, San Juan del Sur, 1985-1990 117.Dean Stevens, Artists for New Nicaragua, Henniker San Ramon Sister City 118.Deborah Billings, Witness for Peace, LASA
Deborah Eade, Ilived and worked in Mexico and Central America 1982–1991, particularly with refugees and popular organisations.
Deborah J Menkart, Teaching for Change
Deborah Ruskay, Estelí Heroíca, NICA Language School, 1987
Debra Winski, Casa Nicaraguense de Español, Office of the Americas, Nicaraguan Task Force in Los Angeles, resident 1989-1991 Radio Venceremos,
Demetria L Martinez, Artist
Denise Dickinson, “Tecnica staff, Berkeley office (1986-1987) and Managua office (1987-1989) 125.Dennis L Lombardi, Construction brigades, 1984-90
126.Diana Bohn, Nicaragua Center for Community Action- NICCA 127.Diana McDuffee, Witness for Peace
Dianne Feeley, UAW Local 235 (ret) & editor, Against the Current, Tree planting Brigade, Managua, 1984
Dina Redman
Don Macleay, technical trainer, Leon, Sebaco, Cua, 1981-1987
Donna Canali, Cotton Brigade 1980, Nicaragua Construction Brigade U.S. youth solidarity tour, Nicaragua Information Center, SF Gays and Lesbians for the Nicaraguan Revolution
Donna Casali 133.Donna Jane Weinson
134.Donna Rich Kaplowitz, University of Michigan 135.Donna Vukelich, solidarity and support 1984-1999
136.Doris B Burford, RN, Boston Medical Center, healthcare solidarity 1988-2000. 137.Doug Rippey, National Lawyers Guild, Peoples’ Marching Band
138.Douglas E Ashford, Cooper Union, NY Artists Call Against US Intervention in Central America 139.Dov Osheroff, Brigada Lincoln de Construccion, Camopa,1985.
Dr. Katherine Isbester, Teacher in Jalapa 1986, coffee picker 1985, wrote book on the Nicaraguan women’s movement as well as numerous articles.
Elaine Elinson, Co-founder and Co-Chair Friends of Nicaraguan Culture. Led several delegations to Nicaragua
Elaine Myrianthopoulos, NYC Nicaragua Solidarity Group 1982-88 New York Construction Brigade 1987

Elena Alexander, Artists Call Against United States Intervention in Central America. 144.Elena Holly Klaver Niwot
145.Elizabeth Hutchison, University of New Mexico, NICA Language School, 1984-1985 146.Elizabeth Lapovsky
Elizabeth Sapanai, Sister City/construction brigades to Condega 1980-1993
Ellen Gavin, Resident 1989-1990, Victoria Mercado LGBT Brigade 1984-86, San Francisco Mime Troupe trip to Nicaragua 1987, AIDS delegation 1987, Volunteer at ASTC 1987
Ellen Moore, La Clínica De La Raza, Resident 1984-86, Agencia Nueva Nicaragua 150.Ellen Weiss Professor, School of Nutrition, Central American University, 1985-87 151.Elli Meeropol
Emily Goldfarb
Emily J Yozell, National Lawyers Guild 154.Eric L Doub,
Erica Mutambaie
Eva Zetterberg, former Swedish ambassador to Nicaragua
Fiona Crawford, Volunteer Nurse, Hospital Gaspar Garcia Laviana, Rivas, Scottish Medical Aid to Nicaragua,1986-1989
Fionnuala Rogerson, Irish Nicaragua Solidarity Group
Fran Loberg, Witness for Peace, Presbyterian Church USA 1986 160.Frank Duhl, Solidarity delegation in 1990
Fred Colgan, APSNICA in U.S. and Nic
Gail Daneker, Campaign for Peace and Democracy
Gail Sullivan, Architects and Planners in Support of Nicaragua, 1987-1988 164.Gar Smith, Environmentalists Against War, Election observer 1984 165.Garrett Brown, NICA Language School staff, Esteli 1984-88
166.Gary L Culp, Witness for Peace 167.Gary Schoofs
Gayla Ellis
Gayle Cribb, U.S. Solidarity: Sacramento Central American Action Committee 1981-1988, Resident 1984-1985 CUSCLIN
Genevieve Howe, Certified Spanish Court Interpreter, Casa Benjamin Linder and APSNICA 1989-1991 171.Geoffroy de Laforcade
172.Gerard Bradley 173.Gina Alvarado 174.Gloria Still
Glory Wicklund, Architects and Planners in Solidarity with Nicaragua 1981/1982
Helen S. Cohen, Coffee brigade 1983, Funding Exchange Delegation 1985, Construction Brigade and cooperative development Puerto Cabezas 1987-1988
Hilary Ruth Stern, NICA Language School1 985-1986 Ministry of Education, Bluefields, 1986-1987, Casa Latina-Seattle
Holly Reed, Teacher, Maestros por la Paz1987 179.Howie Schneider, Brigadista
180.Isobel O’Duffy, Irish Nicaragua Support Group 1990-1991, brigades and delegations coordinator
181.J.K. Wilson-Synar, Peace in Central America Construction brigade in Bilwi 182.Jack Kloppenburg, Open Source Seed Initiative
183.Jacqueline Smith 184.James Dickert
James Krieger, University of Washington, Ministry of Health volunteer 1983-84
James P. O’Brien, Historians for Peace and Democracy U.S. Solidarity: Central America Solidarity Ass’n,
Cambridge, Mass., 1983-1995
Jane Guskin, Nicaragua Solidarity Network of Greater NY, 1990-2004; Nicaragua Information Center, SF Bay Area, 1988-89; Nicaragua Network construction brigade, Matagalpa, 1989
Jane McDonald, Committee for Health Rights in the America’s, 1989-94 189.Jane Norling
Jane Stein, Tecnica Volunteer 1983-1988, Chapel Hill-San Jorge Sister City, Chapel Hill-Carrboro CITCA 1980s-present
Janet Raphaelson “Brigada Compañeras, Condega, 1987-88 192.Janet Zandy
Jeff Edmundson Portland Central America Solidarity – 1980-1990; Co-author of curriculum book on Nicaragua 1989
Jeff Hart, Volunteer with Tecnica, Managua, 1985-1986, Ben Linder Electrification Projects, El Cua, Bocay, 1985-1989, Portland-Corinto Sister City Project, Corinto, 1986
Jeffrey Gould, Indiana University, Researcher with INIES/CRIES
Jeffrey Skoller, Professor of Film Studies UC Berkeley, XChange TV- NYC/Managua 1983-1991. 197.Jerry B Atkin, Center for Working Life
Jill Hamberg, APSNICA delegation, 1986.
Jill Marshall, Maryknoll missioner, Managua 1986-1992
Rev Jim Burklo, United Church of Christ, Sr Assoc Dean, Religious and Spiritual Life, USC
Jo Ellen Brainin Rodrguez MD, Committee for Health Rights in the Americas, US-Nicaragua Health Colloquia
Joan Smith, Managua 1987-1995 203.Joan Weisman
204.Joan Wilentz 205.Joe Bryan 206.Joe Eldridge 207.Joe Fahey
208.Joe Gannon, Teacher and novelist, former journalist in Nica 209.Joel Lefkowitz, CISPES, 1981-5, NACLA 1986-7, CCR 1988-9
210.Joel McGlynn 211.Johanna Cummings
212.John Dear, director, BeatitudesCenter.org, Jesuits, summer 1985; Witness for Peace, 1986 213.John Parnell, Nicaragua Technical Aid Group/NicaTech, Seattle 1985-87, Witness for Peace in
Nicaragua, Long term volunteer, 1987-88
John Roark, San Carlos Foundation 1986-92, Committee for Health Rights in Central America 1986-93, North America-Nicaragua Colloquium on Health, 1986-88, The San Jose de Bocay Project 1987-92, East Bay Sanctuary Covenant 1983-87
Jon Forster, Local 375/DC37/AFSCME, NICA School in 1987.
Jon Jonaki, Economist/researcher, Department of Agricultural Economics, UNAN, 217.Jonathan Buchsbaum, Queens College, CUNY Universidad Centroamericana, Managua
Jonathan Fox, Nicaraguan Ministry of Health, 1980-1981, US: Central America Solidarity Association, Boston, 1982-1984
Jonathan Leaning, Nicaragua Solidarity, Montreal, Canada 220.Joseph Gorin, Witness for Peace, 1988-1989
Joseph Nangle OFM, Franciscan, U.S. Catholic Bishops’ Conference representative
Juana Alicia Araiza, Muralist, San Francisco Balmy Alley “PLACA” Muralists, painted the mural on the CASA ANDEN (Asociación Nacional de Educadores Nicaragüenses), EL AMANECER.
Juanita Senger, Nicaragua Windmill Repair Project, San Juan del Sur
Judith McDaniel, University of Arizona, School of Government and Public PolicyWitness for Peace/San Carlos Nicaragua/Flotilla por la Paz. 1984-88,
Judy Appelbaum, Member of Nicaragua’s legal team in its case against the U.S. in the International Court of Justice, 1984-92.
Judy Branfman
Judy Somberg, 1989-1990 National Lawyers Guild representative in Nicaragua 228.Julie Beutel, Witness for Peace 1984-1986; San Juan de Limay, Esteli 229.Julie Light, non-profit communicator, journalist, Managua, 1986-1992
Kaj Wilson , Central American Solidarity Association, Cambridge, MA, Technica, Managua 1889

Kaki Rusmore, Nicaragua 1987-1996, UNAG, ATC, Olof Palme (as interpreter) 232.Karen Kampwirth, Knox College, Casa Nicaragüense de Espanol
233.Karen Petersen 234.Karin Aguilar
Karla Ann Koll, Presbyterian Church, Managua, 1986-1994
Kasey Brenner, Showing Up for Racial Justice (SURJ), CISPES, 1980-1984 237.Kate Colwell MD. Medical Trips 2015,2016
Kate Hughes
Kate Todd, Cotton brigade Atascali, 1984, NICA language school 1985, Rural electrification project in association with Tecnica, dairy co-op Esteli, 1986-7
Katharine Hutchinson
Rev. Kathleen McTigue, Witness for Peace 1984-85
Katherine Montague, National Central America Health Rights Network/NICMAC, New York, NY 1979- 1989
Kathleen Winslow
Kathy Brown, Central America Solidarity Association and New England Central America Network
Kathy Engel, Poet, assistant arts professor, NYU, Co-producer, “Talking Nicaragua,” 1983, and co- founder MADRE and first director of MADRE, 1983-89.
Kenneth S. Thompson MD, Visiblehands Collaborative, Boston Medical Aid for Nicaragua Managua and Leon April-July 1981
Kenny Glenaan 248.Kevin Barwick 249.Kevin Murray
Kevin Whalen, Co-Director, Center to Support Immigrant Organizing, NICA Language School 1984- 1988,
Kirsten Irgens-Moller, Global Exchange Board of Directors, Elders for Survival Coffee brigade 1983, MIDINRA 1984-85
Kolya M Braun-Greiner, Witness for Peace delegation 253.Lally Stowell, NICA language school, Esteli, 1987-88 254.Larry Robin
Larry Rosenberg, Elders Climate Action, Massachusetts, Tecnica, 1987; advisor in use of computers, Ministry of Education, 1989-90
Laura Blacklow
Laura Burns, coffee brigade, January 1980, artist’s solidarity brigade to Nicaragua, 1983, Nicaraguan Culture Ministry tour with US musical group Flor de Cana, including northern war zones.
Laura Flanders, The Laura Flanders Show (American Public Television), Photographer with MADRE. 259.Laura Worby, Brigadista Exchange 1984, NICA solidarity group Washington DC 1984-1990, Washington
Peace Center 1984- 1992
Leah Halper, Managua 1984-86, Casa Nicaraguense de Espanol, Agencia Nueva Nicaragua, Organizacion de Revolutionarios Deshabilitados, Iglesia Bautista
Leslie Donovan
Leslie Gates, Binghamton University, Princeton-Granada Sister Cities 1988-1990 263.Linda John, AMNLAE, CNAC, 1984-9, Face-to-Face, U.S. Youth Tour, 1987 264.Linda Ray, San Francisco Labor Council, Cotton Harvest Brigade 1985
Lisa Albrecht
Lisa Culp, Maryknoll, resident Ocotal, 1983-1993. San Juan de Oriente Sister City with Sacramento 267.Lisa Goldman
268.Lisa Gross,1984 &1985, NICA language school, volunteer in local school Estelí 269.Lisa Miller, War Resisters League
Lisa Tsetse
Lisa VeneKlasen, Founding Executive Director JASS, photographer Barricada, Nicaragua-Honduras Education Project 1984-86, Central America Peace Campaign 1987
Lois McCloskey, Boston University, Committee for Health Rights in Central America 1983-87 273.Lois Wessel, Georgetown School of Nursing and Health Studies, MINSA, CISAS and the National
Assembly, 1984-1990 274.Lonnie Weinheimer
275.Lou Dematteis, Staff photographer with Reuters News Pictures, Managua, 1985-1990 276.Louise Fortmann
277.Lucy R Lippard, Author, Artists Call Against US Intervention in Central America 278.Lupe Tovares, Central America Solidarity Association 1982-1985
279.Lydia Rile, Cotton brigade, Chinandega, 1984 280.Lyn Fine
Lynn Kersey, Maternal and Child Health Access. Los Angeles CA, delegation for American Public Health Association 1987
Lynne Fergusson
Marcy Fink Campos, Education delegations, film production The Dawn of the People (1980), Barricada Internacional
Marg Hall
Margaret “Peggy” Law, Witness for Peace, election observer 1990 286.Margaret Harris
287.Margaret MacDonald Power, Pledge of Resistance, Woman to Woman Campaign 288.Margaret Swedish, Religious Task Force on Central America & Mexico, 1981-2004
289.Margo Schulter, Central America Action Committee, Feminist Affinity Group 290.Maria Carmen Ramirez
291.Maria Scipione 292.Mariana McDonald
Marie A Dennis, Pax Christi International, Center for New Creation 1979-1989, Maryknoll Office for Global Concerns, 1989-2012
Marie L. Kennedy, University of Massachusetts Boston, APSNICA, Pledge of Resistance, 1984-1987 295.Mariko Lockhart, resident Bluefields 1980-1985, Managua 1985-87, Literacy Campaign in Native
Languages, 296.Marilyn Anderson
Marilyn Lindstrom, mural painting
Marilyn S McMahonTecnica volunteer at ASTC & CISAS, 1986-1987 299.Marios Kerpen, APSNICA Solidarity delegation 1988
300.Mark Anner, NICA language school, Estelí, 1984-1986 301.Mark Dooling, Witness for Peace delegation
302.Mark Dworkin, Seattle solidarity organizations 303.Mark Sherman, Tecnica 1985, 1986
304.Mark Smith, Christians for Latin America Study and Solidarity 1982 305.Mark Wieder, Tecnica 1984-1987
306.Marsha Blackman, UCSF department of medicine, AIDS Education with Ministry of Health, 1987 307.Martin Espada
Marvin Fishman, Burlington-Puerto Cabezas Sister City Program
Mary Ann Jasper, Tecnica volunteer, 1989-1996, Sandinista labor unions 1990-1992, Construction Brigades 1992-1996.
Mary Ann Kopydlowski, RN, NICA language school 1984, National Central America Health Right Network 1990, support for Popular Education Collective for the Prevention of HIV/AIDS 1990
Mary Anne Mercer, University of Washington School of Public Health, Central America Solidarity Committee, Baltimore, 1982-89
Mary Beaudoin
Mary Ellsberg, Ministry of Health, Bluefields 1980-1990 314.Mary Engle, Tecnica delegations
315.Mary Lenihan, nurse, Vecino Brigade, 1986-1987 316.Mary S. Dailey
317.Matthew Nicodemus, Rocky Mountain Peace and Justice Center 318.Maura Russell, Pledge of Resistance Affinity Group
Meg Wilcox, Nicaragua Health Study Collaborative Harvard-CIES-UNAN !987-88, Tecnica volunteer resident 1989
Mel Duncan, Coffee Brigade1984. Arrested twice for protesting contra aid. Blood bank for victims of Contras
Melinda Longford Power
Melissa Young, Construction brigade 1980s
Merilie Robertson, Presbyterian Church USA, Witness for Peace delegation
Merri Weinger, Technical Aid Project in Occupational Health and Safety, 1982-88; American Friends Service Committee in Pesticide Health and Safety in Nicaragua, 1986-87
Michael Albert, ZNet / RevolutionZ 326.Michael Argaman
Michael Eckerman
Michael Friedman, Barricada Internacional 1982-4; INPESCA, 1984-7, Casa Nicaragua de NY, 1982- 1994; Hurricane Relief Project, 1988.
Michael Levi, Adelphi Friends Meeting (Quaker), Pledge of Resistance, 1984-89; Washington Peace Center, 1982-90, Brigades: Cotton harvest, Chinandega, 1984, Tecnica, Managua, 1987,
Michael Lighty, Democratic Socialists of America 331.Michael Montgomery, APSNICA delegation 1987
332.Michael Prentiss, Habitat for Humanity, CEPAD, El Porvenir, 1985-1990 333.Michael Rubin
Michael Wisniewski
Miguel Altieri, Professor Emeritus UC Berkeley
Mike Prokosch, Dorchester Committee on Central America, 1983-1995 337.Mikos Fabersunne, Nicaraguan Energy Institute 1984-85
Miranda Bergman, Muralist, Friends of Nicaraguan Culture
Miriam Elisabeth Linder, sister of Benjamin Linder, mechanical engineer killed by counter-revolutionary forces in San José de Bocay, April 28, 1987
Miriam Henry. INSG 1980s 341.Mohan Charles Hetram, NYC
Moli Steinert, Tools for Peace 1985 & 1987
Molly Mead, Amherst College, solidarity delegations, arrested for civil disobedience in U.S. for protesting
U.S. intervention
Molly Molloy, Barricada International, Managua, 1984-86
Monika Firl, Boulder/Jalapa Sister City Project, 1990 Elections Observation and Reporting 346.Nancy Appelbaum, Binghamton University, SUNY, Solidarity delegation, 1984.
347.Nancy E. Phillips, APSNICA volunteer architect 1987. 348.Nancy Holmstrom, Democratic Socialists of America
Nanette Lashuay, Coffee Brigade 1987, Resident 1989 Ben Lindner House, NICCA brigade organizer 1986-1991
Naomi Ann Schapiro, UCSF School of Nursing, women’s jazz tour with band Swingshift, 1984, Member of Nicaragua AIDS education project
Natalia Spiegel
Nicole Magnuson, Coffee brigade 1986
Norma I. del Rio, Brigades/delegations: Boston Teachers Union (1984); Maestros por La Paz, (1986-89) 354.Norma J F Harrison, 50 Years Is Enough Campaign, Communist Party USA, Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Club 355.Norma Mark, Tecnica volunteer, Barricada, Managua 1987
Pamela Montanaro, Nicaragua Solidarity Campaign.
Pasquale Lombardi, NICA language school, 1983, National Lawyers Guild Delegation 1988 358.Patricia Mary Skeels
359.Patricia Pittman, George Washington University 360.Patrick Breslin, Writer
361.Paul Gates, APSNICA Volunteer Architect 1990 362.Paul Kiefer, APSNICA, Matiguas
Paul Lauter
Paul Moyer, PA, RN, MPH, Coffee Brigade 1984 365.Paula Albertos
366.Rev. Paula R Bidle, United Church of Christ, Project Minnesota-Leon Sister City 367.Paula Braveman, MD, MPH, Center for Health Equity, UCSF
368.Peter Costantini, Tecnica UNI 1986, Northwest-Nicaragua Electoral Watch, 1990. 369.Peter Fougere
Peter Lippman, Nicaragua Construction Brigade 1986
Peter Maiden, KPFA Radio in Nicaragua 1984, Nicaragua Information Center Berkeley 372.Peter Ranis, Professor emeritus, Graduate Center, CUNY
373.Peter Simon, High Road Alliance, Bay Area Construction Brigade 1985 374.Peter Staudenmaier
375.Peter Weiss, Center for Constitutional Rights 376.Philip L Bereano
Philip McManus, resident for several months 1983-84 working with an anti-intervention organization. Organized and led delegations to Nicaragua during the 1980s. Decades of anti-intervention activism.

Philip Pasmanick
Phillip and Angela Berryman, working in Central America, 1976-80; participation in Central America movement, 1980s.
Phyllis Bennis, Institute for Policy Studies, Worked with CISPES, Los Angeles, 1980-83, (for identification only)
Rachel Beck, Trinity Fellowship; University Lutheran Chapel
Rachel Kreier, U.S. Solidarity: Committee for Health Rights in Central America, San Francisco, CA, 1984-88 Health Economist and Associate Professor, St. Joseph’s College, Patchogue, NY
Rachel O’Malley, MIDINRA 1986-1988
Rachel Wyon, English teacher trainer, Escuela Normal and MED, Esteli, 1982-1983 385.Rainiero Soto
386.Randa Johnson 387.Randy Cunningham
Rebecca Gordon, Brigades/Delegations: Witness for Peace long-term volunteer; 1984, WFP delegation leader 1986; Tecnica Nicaragua director 1990. Author, Letters From Nicaragua
Rebecca Shields 390.Renata Brillinger 391.Renny Golden
Richard Donald, Canadian University Services Overseas, Matagalpa/Jinotega, 1984-1987, Associate Dean, Faculty of Agriculture (Retired) Dalhousie University
Richard Garfield, Staff member, Ministry of Health, 1081 -1987, Professor Emeritus, Columbia University 394.Richard K. Monks, City Life Vida Urbana, Delegation 1982
Richard Levy, Coffee brigade, coffee brigade the early 80s and active in the opposition to the US wars in Central American for years.
Richard Stahler-Sholk, Resident, researcher at CRIES, and member of the Committee of U.S. Citizens Living in Nicaragua (CUSCLIN), 1984-89
Rob Harlan, construction brigades for refugee housing
Rob Wilson, Tecnica volunteer 1985, Veterans Peace Convoy1988 399.Robbie Welling, Tecnica 1988
Robert Bernstein, Tecnica volunteer UNI 1986
Rev. Dr. Robert L. Brashear, PCUSA Central American Task Force 1982-87, Witness for Peace delegation
Robert Cohen
Robert Ellsberg, Orbis Books, published books by Christian Sandinistas including Ernesto and Fernando Cardenal
Robert Heimer , Professor of Epidemiology
Robert M. Warren, Nicaragua Network in Solidarity with the Nicaraguan People 1984-1986, Cambridge MA Central America Solidarity Assn 1983-1986, Hemisphere Initiatives 1989-1990, Ann Arbor Latin America Solidarity Assn 1979-1980
Robert Meeropol
Robert P. Matthews, researcher/writer NACLA, Seminario de Investigación para la Paz
Roberta Pikser, Spanish language school, Tecnica, National Central America Health Rights Network 409.Robin Hanan, Ministry of Education 1989
410.Roger Lewis Blair
411.Roger Lippman, Terrasol 1988-90, Seattle NicaTech 1985-90 412.Russell Gasser, Tecnica volunteer MINSA, resident 1987-1992 413.Sabina Lanier
414.Samuel Farber
415.Sara Driscoll, Architects and Planners in Support of Nicaragua, 1987 & 1988
416.Sara Kate Levin, MD, Contra Costa Health Services, Child Care Solidarity Worker, Casa Materna, 417.Sara Miles, Coordinator, Nicaragua coffee brigades 1980-1983
418.Sarah Reyes, Building Brigade Matiguas 1989 419.Serena Cosgrove, resident 1986-1988, Witness for Peace
420.Sheila R. Tully PhD, Committee for Health Rights in Central America
421.Sheldon Rampton. Author, Friends In Deed: The Story of US-Nicaragua Sister Cities 422.Shelley Sherman, Tecnica & Ben Linder Memorial Foundation 1985-1988
423.Sheri Bergen, Seekers Church, Church of the Savior
424.Sherry Baron, City University of New York, US Medical Solidarity 1980-86. 425.Sonia Lipson, NISGUA New England Representative 1984-1988 426.Stephanie Moore
427.Stephanie Yesner, Pledge of Resistance 428.Stephen H Phelps, Sister City Malpiasillo
429.Stephen Kerpen, Director Architects and Planners in Support of Nicaragua 430.Stephen Leberstein, City College of New York
431.Stephen R. Shalom, William Paterson University, Montclair Committee on Central America 432.Steve Cagan, photographer, Ministry of Culture, ASTC 1983–1988
433.Steve Solnit, resident with Tecnica, Science for Nicaragua, APSNICA, CHRICA, Ben Linder Council, Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería 1988-1992
434.Steven Bennett, Witness for Peace 1990 435.Steve Bennett
436.Steven Botkin
437.Steven Webb, United Christian Parish of Reston
438.Stuart Taylor, Presbyterian minister, full time Witness for Peace 5 years 439.Susan Clemente, SF Solidarity Group Esteli Heróica
440.Susan Colson, SwingShift women’s jazz tour 1984, Friends of Nicaraguan Culture 1985-1987 441.Susan Cookson, physician in northern Nicaragua 1986-1990
442.Susan Ito, Committee for Health Rights in the Americas 1985-1992, North America-Nicaragua Colloquium on Health 1985-1988
443.Susan L Triolo, CodePink Women for Peace, Vermont Peace Coalition 1987 444.Susan Moir, NICA Language School1987
445.Susan Schulman
446.Suzanne Baker, Nicaragua Information Center 1986-1989, NICCA-Berkeley, 1989-present 447.Suzanne Harris, NICA language school 1984
448.Suzanne Marten, Nicaragua Exchange Harvest Brigades, 1983-87 449.Suzi Weissman, Committee of Concern for Central America 450.Tedd Judd, MINSA training 1986-2016
451.Terri Massin, Woman to Woman
452.Terry Berman, Construction brigades 1986 & 1987
453.Terry Burke, Chicago Nicaragua Solidarity Committee 1983-90 454.Rev. Dr. Clyde Kuemmerle, Ecclesia Ministries of New York
455.Thomas Edminster, United Educators of San Francisco, Democratic Socialists of America, Elders for Survival, Coffee Brigade 1986; school construction brigades 1986-1987
456.Tim Marshall, Construction Brigade, Chompipe, 1988
457.Tim Takaro, Health Sciences, Simon Fraser U., CEPAD, Jinotega, 1986-89 458.Timothy Braatz, Campus solidarity, California Lutheran University, 1985-88 459.Todd Jaspers
460.Tom Berry, Seattle Emergency Coalition Against Contra Aid
461.Tom Koren, Committee for Health Rights in Central America 1985-1990, Health Care Colloquium 1985 & 1987
462.Tom Kruse, APSNICA 1986-88, Gobierno Municipal de Estelí 1988-1990
463.Tony Harrah, SEIU 925, Central American solidarity movement, construction in Ciudad Sandino 1984 464.Tony Schuman, Architects and Planners in Support of Nicaragua 1984
465.Trish O’Kane, University of Vermont, Resident and researcher, CRIES-Pensamiento Propio, 1988-1992

466.Ulla Thomsen, Matagalpa
467.Vicki Skeels, Sacramento Central American Action Committee
468.Victoria Lindsay, University of Central America 1987-1988, Resident of El Cuá 1988-1989 469.Vilunya Disin
470.Virginia Wenslaff, house construction Matagalpa 1988, Sacramento Central America Action Committee 1984-present
471.Vivien Morris, Boston solidarity delegation to Esteli 1984
472.Wayne Breidford, School or Agricultural Mechanization, Chagüitillo 1985-1987 473.William A. Barnes, Retired attorney and college teacher
474.William C. Goodfellow, Center for International Policy 475.Name Withheld, 1984 Coffee brigade, 1986 language school 476.Name Withheld, Tecnica
477.Name Withheld, International Work Brigades, Casa Nicaragua cultural worker, New Sanctuary Coalition- NYC
478.Name Withheld
479.Name Withheld, NICATECH 480.Name Withheld, Tecnica 1988 – 1990 481.Name Withheld, New Mexico
482.Name Withheld, National Central America Health Rights Network and MINSA, 1983-1985 483.Name Withheld, New Mexico
484.Name Withheld, 1980-1989 485.Name Withheld, APSNICA
486.Name Withheld, 1988: CHRICA, resident 2+ years, Training Exchange; UCA School of Medicine 487.Name Withheld, Faculty for Human Rights in Central America and the Seattle Coalition Against Contra
Aid 1983-90; Election delegation 1990 488.Name Withheld
489.Name Withheld, Tecnica
490.Name Withheld, Nicaragua Network, local Sister City organization, Resident 1984-1991 491.Name Withheld, Ministry of education, literacy crusade, adult and primary education, 1980-1991 492.Name Withheld, Compañeras Brigada, NY-Nicaragua Solidarity Group 1987-1990
493.Name Withheld, Sandinista veteran health and housing support 494.Name Withheld, San Francisco
495.Name Withheld, retired lawyer 496.Name Withheld, Minnesota
497.Name Withheld, Seattle construction brigade Chontales 1986 498.Name Withheld
499.Name Withheld, Resident, 1982-1984 500.Name Withheld, New Mexico 501.Name Withheld, NICMAC
502.Name Withheld, National Central America Health Rights Network, Committee for Health Rights in the Americas, Nicaragua Medical Aid Campaign 1986-1996, Coffee Brigade 1986
503.Name Withheld, Casa Nicaragüense de Español 1986 504.Name Withheld, APSNICA 1988-1990

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