Ohio’s unions won a tremendous victory on Tuesday when their efforts succeeded in turning out voters who by a 61 to 39 margin defeated Issue 2, thus overturning anti-union Senate Bill 5.
The unions’ victory was an equally devastating defeat for Republican Governor John Kasich, who personally led the campaign for Issue 2, despite his 36 percent approval rating in recent polls.
The unions’ success in Ohio suggests that Kasich may be a one-term governor, that Republican control of the state legislature may be overturned next year, and that right-wing, anti-union governors like Kasich in Ohio and Scott Walker in Wisconsin are an endangered species—and one that voters plan to make extinct.
Senate Bill 5 was voted up soon after Kasich took office in January. Legislators passed it in March, despite demonstrations by thousands of public employees and private sector workers at the capitol in Columbus. SB5 affected about 400,000 public employees, limiting their ability to bargain collectively, collect dues, and strike. The law also established “pay for performance” and required workers to pay 15 percent of their health care. Workers were furious.
Ohio unions, working closely with the Democratic Party, acted quickly to take advantage of the state’s referendum law, eventually collecting a record 1.29 million signatures. The state then certified 915,456 signatures, another record, putting the measure on the ballot.
The We Are Ohio coalition spent $30 million, including big investments from national unions, on a campaign that involved thousands of members from AFSCME, teachers unions, firefighters, and many other public and private sector unions who canvassed neighborhoods and phoned voters. Teachers unions in Ohio levied additional dues to help pay for the campaign.
Interestingly, the same Ohio voters who saved collective bargaining for state workers also overwhelmingly approved Issue 3, aimed at limiting President Barack Obama’s health care program. Issue 3 states that no federal state or local law could compel any person or employer to participate in a health care system. This question is now before the courts.
The strong union participation tended to benefit Democrats and more progressive candidates in local nonpartisan elections. In Cincinnati, for example, Democrats won city council seats and four conservative council members, notorious for voting for local real estate gentrifiers and more recently for opposing the Occupy Cincinnati movement, went down to defeat.
The victory in Ohio suggests a strengthening of the Democratic Party, which was crushed at the polls just a year ago, heading toward the 2012 election, though given the great disappointment of labor, environmentalists, immigrants, and other liberals in Obama and in Congress, it will still be an uphill struggle to get those folks to work as hard for Obama and other Democrats as they did on Issue 2.
The success in Ohio forms part of labor’s recent ascending trajectory—the Wisconsin labor protests in February and March; the Occupy phenomenon that allied with unions and spread from Wall Street nationwide; the Occupy Oakland march that shut the port just last week, and now this impressive political victory in Ohio. Even if each struggle hasn’t resounded in victory, the temperature is rising.
The union movement, rallying after 30 years on its heels, is testing its strength in the streets and in the political arena. The Democratic Party is anxious to channel the new energy, both in the institutional union form and in the new, more amorphous movement form into the 2012 elections.
The split vote in Ohio on Issues 2 and 3, and the difference between the unions on the one hand and the Occupy movement on the other, suggests that getting voters to the polls in 2012, and getting them to follow the lead of the AFL-CIO/Democratic Party alliance, will not be simple. Everywhere the Occupy movement in Ohio stood with the unions against Issue 2, but in some places, like Cincinnati, the unions kept Occupy at a distance, fearing that allying with perceived radicals would cost them middle-ground votes.
As we connect the dots from Madison to Oakland to Ohio, we wonder where the next dot will be. The interesting question is: how will the next uprising affect politics?